Photographic portrait of Amos Throop, founder of Throop College (later California Institute of Technology), August 2, 1893. The profile of the Caltech founder shows an elderly man with a beard below his chin connecting to his sideburns. He is facing right and is visible wearing a dark jacket and a dark tie with a light shirt.; "Caltech's beginnings are rooted in a modest little college founded in Pasadena in 1891 by wealthy former abolitionist and Chicago politician Amos Throop. Initially named Throop University, the school changed its name to Throop Polytechnic Institute in 1893." -- Judith Goodstein, California Institute of Technology, 2003. "In 1891, Amos Throop established Throop University with an enrollment of 35 students. The purpose of the school is described in its first bulletin, 'To furnish students of both sexes and all religious opinions a liberal and practical education, which, while thoroughly Christian, is to be absolutely non-sectarian in its character.' Although Throop planned a university with the hope of adding a law school, lack of funds and students brought about a new direction. In 1893 he hired Charles H. Keyes as President and changed the school's name to Throop Polytechnic Institute. Throop, who had learned about life through physical labor, regarded the late nineteenth century educational practices as too dependent on books. His educational philosophy was shared by Charles Keyes and was summed up in the school's motto 'Learn by Doing.'" -- Romy Wyllie.