Photograph of James W. Marshall's cabin at Coloma, California, [s.d.]. The single-story wooden cabin has an inclined shingled roof. A tree blocks the view of the side gable. Bushes and shrubs surround the house. A hill is visible to the left and mountains are visible in the distance.; "On an icy cold morning early in 1848, James Wilson Marshall, a carpenter from New Jersey, picked up a few nuggets of gold from the American River at the site of a sawmill he was building for John Sutter near Coloma. By August, the hills above the river were strewn with wood huts and tents as the first of 4,000 miners lured by the gold discovery scrambled to strike it rich. Prospectors, from the East sailed around Cape Horn. Some hiked across the Isthmus of Panama, and by 1849, about 40,000 came to San Francisco by sea alone. Nearly $2,000,000,000 in gold was taken from the earth before mining became dormant." -- unknown author.