Put in some places, the stick Kwoundje means an order or a defence ; it could be stuck in a place until the orders or the requests of the chief have not been executed. It could also mean a threat. When a villager hasn't brought to the chieftainship what he was asked (goat, gift or girl asked by the chief), the chief send this carved stick (the Kwoundje) which is put in front of the villager's house. Every man is scared to keep such objects like this stick in front of his home, so he brings what he was asked. From 1945 to 1959, Daniel Broussous was the head doctor of the protestant hospital of Bangwa, set up by the Société des missions évangéliques de Paris (Paris evangelical mission society) in the south of the region Bamileke in 1935. Broussous took many photographs documenting the art, the architecture, the traditions and the daily-life of Bamileke chieftainships. He also made several films.