The New Era.
If T war* aakftd to nm* the areateet epoches in th* World's friatory,
=1 would name three. Tney are me firm cenTilry^A. I), j the ir<tn cemixryT
and the twentieth century, .The first century of our era stands foremost
in historical importance because of two things: the birth of Christ and
the unification of the Roman Empire. Rome gave law and order to Europe,
and later became the Eternal City in the imagination of European scholars.
The advent of Christ laid the foundation of a religion that was to have
a profound influence upon the development of the western civilization and
later upon the advancement of the worldfs culture.
The 16th century was a century of scientific research, of scholarly
investigations, of rebellion against traditional ideas, and of adventure
used to believe that this world
and discovery. Up to that time the people that we live in was the center
of the universe around which all the stars revolved; but men like Coperniuus,
Galileo and Newton came along and said that was all wrdng, that this
earth was nothing more than mere speck in the vast universe. From then
on the ■ conception of this world was changed entirely. People^began to
cross the ocean to colonize new continents; the mighty wave of European
t iv li J ^ItiUll pUUI CU ± lUiii UIIC JViCU 1 vtJI I alicdn U U uliti n tiafl I 1C UC call Uulii
today the Atlantic rather the Mediterranean has become the basin of
The 20th century has just begun. No one can prophesy all the events
that are in store for us; but wonderful things have happeiied so far.
Like the other two centuries that 1 have referred to, this century of
oars is essentially a transition era: a transition in commerce* industry,
peace and war, politic)and religion. The opening of the Panama-Canal has
changed the map of the world's highway. The eastern manufacturers of
the United States can compete successfully with the European manufactures
in the 1 arkets of the Far East through this new route of commerce. Londcn
is no longer the financial center of the world, and the British prestige
as a carrying power is gradually declinging. This means in the near