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§>im 1 raittk. ^bhtrfommnts. ROBERT JOSEPHI Wholesale Dealer in Watches, Jewelry, Diamonds, Tools, Glasses, WATCH MATERIALS, FANCY GOODS, _C, 10S Montgomery street, corner of Jackson, (Dr. Wright's Building.) ROBERT JOSEPHI havingpurchased the entire stock nnd trade of the __» business of Isaac S. Joseph i &Co., will carry on the Bame For hia own account, at 195 Montgomery Btreet, corner of Jackson, (Dr. Wright'e Building,) San Franoieco. a_o27-8n_ EMBROIDERIES. LACKS. RIBBONS. MEN'S, WOMEX'S, & cIIILDUEN"-- HOSIERY. OF EVEKY 1-EfiCRIPTION, GX-OV-ECS, CRAVATS, Collars j Shirts, Drawers AMEHICA-V, El!_Gt.I8H FRENCH AXD ■GERMAN FANCY GOODS. BY LATK ARRIVALS OF STEAMERS AND (.Liri'EKS. HUGHES & WALLACE, 103 ami 107 Snc.um.iito st., d.c.7 3mia SAN FRANCISCO. .an Jfranrist. ^..trfctnm.ts. To Parties Claiming Payment from tlie United States for ]»_„ nml cle.tiuctleti ot Properly during the War with Mexico. PARTIES desirous of having their Claims pros- eonte. lij the undersigned before the Court ol Claims at Washington, can receive all the necessary information on the subject, and have their Claims promptly prosecuted on application to O. MORGAN. Los Angeles. aug 2 ' J- D. STEVENSON, San Francisco. HIT TRIES SMITH & WINCIIELL'S COMMERCIAL MRSEM, SAP. JOSE, Received from tho'State Fair of lSf>G THE FIRST PREMIUM. 4j£ HAVING become tbe Agent for the @g __ above Nursery, and having made ar- __Z rangetnentB for a constant supply of Trees from theflame-I now invite all person? who contemplate planting an Orchard, Garden, or a Single Tree, to call and examine my STOCK before par chawing. If it, is not convenient for all to come personally, then delegate some friend or Business Agent to examine for yon. or order directly from me a Sample Lot of such trees as are wanted. I have arrangements with other Nurserymen and Gardeners for a supply of such minor iViuts nnd trees a? mav be necessary in order to keep a COMPLETE ASSORTMENT of everything in this line. The list below comprise:, a portion of what J now offer at very LOW RATES. 100,000 FRUIT TREES, Oftlie various kinds, consisting in part, of the following: APPLE, From one to three years old, from four to ton feet high, of fine symmetrical form, welt branched, aod ol all the choice varieties. PEAR, Dwarf and Standard of nearly all ofthe best varieties. CHEERY, From four to twelve feet high, very fineand thrifty, Including many ofthe leading varieties. PLUM, Of the usual varieties, also some of the choicest. PEACH, Southern Dispatch Line OF SAN PEDRO PACKETS, _ TOUCHING AT SANTA BARBARA. 11HIS LINE is composed of the favorite clipper schooners LAURA BEVAN, Captain F. Morton ; JULIUS riilNGLE. J. S.Garcia ; S. D. BAILEY. N. niller ; ARNO, Wm. Hughes. Which will run regular hereafter as above, taking freight and passengers on the most favorable terms, to which every care and attention will be ^Arrangements are in progress by which a regij lar Weekly line of Schooners will be established, sailing from San Francisco, without fail, every Saturday. For further particulars apply to any ot tlie principal merchants at Los Angeles, San Pedro, or Santa Barbara. N.PIERCE, Proprietor of the Line, at San Francisco. Office—Corner of Market and East streets, lower building, (np stairs.) where goods will be receipt- d for and forwarded free of storage and drnyagc auglO Sail jTitntisra ^b&triistmtnte. J. M. Strobridge & Co., WHOLESALE AND RETAIL CLOTHING EMPORIUM, CORNER OF COMMERCIAL AND SANSOME STREETS, Under St. Nicholas Hotel, SAN FRANCISCO, -\FFER the largest nnd most con.[il<He ,l*^onni,en1^1of„ J Clothing nnrt Gil-til.---**---'*- Furnishing Goods ever opened hi fan Frinici.-_.(>. we ;lrt*. receiving per every steamer from onr Man Ufa c- tory in.\'i*«' York, The Latest.-ami most Fashionable Styles ingjof- ,-1'juits: ■sinews Suits, i: i and Caps eonat ft: Bind., Brown :ind Blue Dress and Frock Coats; .ml llesivy Heaver Overcoats; Talmas of every description ; Fine ami Ik-avv Frencli ami American Cass Fine l.l:u:k ami l-'ancv -Jill" Velvet, .Satin ami Cloth \ est.- Heavv RibbedCa__hn Also, a Urge assort on hand. Fine White and Check Linen and Cotton Shirts; Fine Silk. Merino an 1 Cotton Undershirts and Drawers Sc-HT-R, Cravats Neok Ti.-s, BaA-panderaj Collars. lLandkercliiers. Cloves: English, .iierino and Cotton I lalfllose. e t c, etc. Everything connected with Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods n hand, nentof Post Offices AsuaFrio Al!im0 Contra Costa Antioch 'io nd Post Masters 1» Collfornln. Maripo.a county _.B.P.Whitney OFFICIAL DIRECTORY. Aiv: ado.. .Ala ieda Alameda do Angels. Calaveras.. Auburn 1'tacer Alpha Nevada .J M Jone*_ G Brown ....A M Church A .1 Barber ..J C Scr.bD.er .R Gordon ...A J Alston Shasta TAFreei ^^Stac\a^:::.;;AHathh0u( Ashland Butte LhjahLoU Aqueduct City. Amador Fehn-nt ..San Vmv.iiaco Brush Crees.. Bidwell's liar ,.Butte.. ...MSButlei SJEUet ,.D G Martin i* w Woretrmn S__ ^E^.""EE __ ..._-.. Trinity «*='*?£, Iii. link Flat Ti.oU.miie.... .... J « Bo-egl S_nOm» -J »' """' Brick S.«n.i..o,.to L • '„„ Uuckner Jo Janii, ..u-k i.-r B-ck.port Humboldt.. W-tobW- Jt.H-k.-y.' Volo Cache Creek g ltaucl... , .Itottt J _\l Cl.arle. .. A Mellon, "■ State Government. J NEELY JOHNSON, Governor. Robert M. Axdkhsos, Lieutenant Governor. I) W Douglass, Secretary of State. Geo. II. Whitman, Controller. Henry Bates, Treasurer. John II. Brewster, Surveyor General. Wm. T. Wallace, Attorney General. Paul K. HulAs, Superintendent oi Public In- struction. . , W C Kilibe, Quartermaster General. James Allen, State Printer. . . Win. Uausman, Private Secretary to tbe Gover- .Calaveras. '.'.'.Tuo'hui.j GrOOdS L. SCOTT & COS RKPniNT OF THE British Periodicals AMD THE Alarjreanil complete SXL_B_XiI3tlO_B_* now opening ami ready lor sale. 0ur^tocl-eonsisthi*. of over "5100,000. we in pecially strangers visiting tlie city, t.o call hi. fore making tlieir purchases, us we Hatter oi can please in price and quality. San Francisco, Mav Hi. 1 Soli. g V1» B . I.\ THE PUKE OF TUB UTTER I'UBI.IC.lTION. SCOTT k CO., NEW YORK, continue to pub- if- __ _S Si S M &> GREAT REDUCTION .Ji the following leading British Periodicals, viz.: I. Tim London Quarterly, Conservative. The Edinburgh Eeview, Whig- The North British Eeview, Free Church. The Westminster Eeview, Liberal. Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Tory. The. I'eno.licalx ably ..p..M_t tl. throe great j.olitl „ _«"ti.« of Ureal Hrilaio-tVlii., Tory, and llad.oal,- l,ot ...lill.s forms only -ne lealnro of the,.- eharac .,- A. 0-.an» ol' tho most an ind writer, on r-e.ence. i.it- ;'*,„;, Moralite, ...ol IMiiii.in. they .tend, _> they ever ,.;,",'„. aveJled ill tl.e world of letter,, he.n. coo- .;:,„„,li,„li.1,ea.al.le to I he -cholar and tho ,_,._.. ,on.l man while lo the iiitelli.-e.it reader ot every class thej fnrn -li a more correcl and satisfactory record of the day. , hr„„,..ho„t the world, than can be possibly obtained from any other source. EAKI.Y COPIES. The receipt of Advance Sheets trom the British publishers elves adilition.il value to these Reprints, as the. can now be placed in the about as soon as the original oditio 6ES^i,]»_v|-l»_ It is our Business to Publish —THE— IMPORTANT NEWS, AND YOURS We therefore tiike much pleasure in being able to Inform the people of California, that the Most Extraordinary -Reduction HAS TAKEN 1'I.ACE IN' TIIE Price €_>_£" XjOcSLsixus; Clfarli'v Chioo (. heiokei. C;impo Seco... Cj..mi.to.iv-1-e. Chinese Camp. Columbia do Curts ville do aintoil Nevada Coon Creek Placer Colusa Colusa Cold Spring ElDorado Colora.. do tlo Llrortog ...John Bidwoll .T M Daniel ...T M J'awling ....Si Biiwlor e M KCrnliam 7. B Tinkum J MRoot H M Moore ..J Barnes *m Vincent . ,C W Gilbert EV Davis Geo Iha'chev nCumtnings W J. Wilson Ceilarville. Clarksville do Cosum-ies Sacramento Cordelia Solano P 0 Lamorie Cotton Wood Shasta W» "MTA , Crescent City Klamath ,...0'C Lewis Centreville Alameda RS Clement Canon Citv Trinity R F Channel - ,V:-j- »,-; L,r.--._RH ElC:.n-.l: MR Snearur Don Pedro's Bar Tuolumne .H Smith Double Springs . ...Calaveras N 1 Noreross Downieville Sierra James Gernon Dr v Creek Yuba Robert Ms Adams Hr.to-.vn Amador WO Clark Eureka Hi.n-l.oldt K H Fuss El Dorado Calaveras A Ir*""* Emory's Crossing Yulia J« F.verett EmpireBanch do S Moody * ' ..Sacramento MrLlhot J B Crawford J Clarkin DTownsend .,. .Niitbaii Plum ...,T Engleson WUGibbs Yuba SB Whitcoinb Fremont....Yolo Jonas Sp-ect Vrrnch Camp....Sim Joaquin RWNoljle Forrest City ... .Sierra W He nr JL* r,,rT,,i;sUiou-h....Caaver11S ^'^XhoiT Fourth Crossing "<> ■■ •_" ' . Green Springs.;..Tuolumne .■IV.vttu Grafton .... Yolo A L pdegraiT Elliott's Bancli Sa Franklin Folsom Fiddli-town.... .Am ad Forbastowu .Butte Forlorn Hope.. . Mcrce French Gulch.. .Sbast i the. hands of subscribers *g TERMS. For anv one of the four Reviews For anv two of the four Reviews For any three of the four Reviews For all "four-it" the Reviews For Blackwood's Mjiga*/..ne Fur l.laokwoo,l ami tlin'e Review* For Blackwood and the four Review Payments to be made in all cases in Pe $3 0i 10 00 ithmnce. received at par. CLUBBING. A discount of twenty-five per cent, from the aho- •ices will be jopies of any One and two years ohl, of fine growth and of the Money current in the State where lSsued, will oe leading varieties, also hi dormant bud very low NECTARINES, One and two years old, of choice varieties. APRICOTS, One and two years oid, ot choice varieties. CURRANT BUSHES,Had and White Dntcli. GOOSEBERRY BUSHES,llonghton>sSeedling and English. RASPBERRY BUSHES, Antwerp, Fran- conia and l-'ustolff. STRAWBERRY PLANTS, Long worth's, Prolific, British Queen, Hovey's Seedling. Black Prince, Large Early Scarlet and Boston Pine. ORNAMENTAL TREES. SHRUBS, PLANTS, &C, Furnished at Nurserymen's prices. Orders sent through Post Office or Express, promptly attended to. Treess packed lor any distance. TERMS CASH. C. W. LECOU1VT, dec27 3m 99 Davis Street, San Francisco .ud Island. ...Colu; Georgetown Kl Horatio Greenwood do Garden Valley do Grizzly Flat.... do Gilrov Santa Clara Coodyear's Bar....Sierra, GibsoiiviUe do Grass Valley Nevada.. Georgian.. Sacramento Qw In,...Merced \" .Butte , .Thomas Eddy ,...J C Terrell c "3 Brady . .. S Stewart '.'.'.'... James Burgess ...ACKvor.tt Julius Meinliardt R K Elliott F, Mattbewson J MSedwell n Laugblin ,R Davis r'fl Ranch... .Tuolumne G 1* Dickinson 1-iorsetown....ftha-.ta I B Gill Honcut....Yuba WRRi/er Homitus Mariposa wL Goss lone Valley Amador .1 H Alvonl Illiuoistown... .Placer B Briekell Iowa Citv.... do f Cogan Indian Diggings... .Fl Dorado .1 fl Gilbert IndiaiK'ulch....Merced 1 W Norton Jamestown....Tuolumne RW Mardis jjidtsouville.,.. -lo G » Keyes Jackson....Amador BB Redhead Johnson's Ranch....Sutter W K 0 Kerr King's River....Tulare I Sniitli Kelsev's.... El Dorado John White Knight's Ferry.... San Joarjuin V* E Stewa Leach's Store... .Mariposa L Leaoli La sscn's.... Butte W P May be w L.i .viston.'.'.'.Trinity C "Wood Los Angelen....Los Angeles I SWaite I.agr.'nige Stanislaus L JI Booth Lisbon.... Placer G "W Applegate. Loveing's Fe.rv Sau Joafjuin J Loveinji Ufle York. ...Nevada W W Co ia will be allowed "to Clubs onlering Tour or more more ofthe above works. .HUB of Blackwood, or of one Review, will be senl to one add-ess for $0 ; four copies oftlie four R«yiewi and Blackwood for $30; and so on POSTAGE. In all tho principal Cities and Towns, these works wil be delivered, Fhkk 07 Postage. When sent by mail, tin Postage to any part of tho United States will be_ hut TwENTv-roo. Cents a year for Blackwood, and but v> rnv.s Cbntb a year for each of the Reviews. JV.B.— The p'ice in Great Britain of the five Periodicals above namtd, is about $31 per annum 111) nml 121 Sn.inmeuto .tie* mul 87, 80, 90, iuitl 91, Nuw Art-lltliin, I_eii_V8- dorlT street. The Price of LODGINC is now REDUCED t.o j^g-** 50 and 75 cents per Night. n plete Mountain View. MeCartysville Mayfield Milpita .Santa Cla 6 do Le Mi! furnished ci td that Lodgings hv the m FIGURE. [flfltitntlon, but Wood- y, by inlroducing and ■yon- those Ren.wned ind tH cents pernignt. clingty Low : «$.. 00 si 00 D"- "W- Sullivan's Great PacHic Depotanrt General Agency, TOR THE SUPPLY OF PUIiLICA TIONS. STATIONERY, &e. PAPERS. PEULODICALS AND BOOKS, Received weekly by the Mail Steamers, and exclusive ex- T HE proprietor won Irl respectfully intorm Country Booksellers, Canvassers, Agents. Pt'dlers, and the Public that independent of hisL'.n.ra I Newspaper business, he has eonntantly on hand. ai_t\ receiving Iiy every -learner, all the STANDARD HOOKS. MAOAZIXES AND REVIEWS OF EUROPE AND AMERICA. COMMERCIAL AND FANCY STATIONARY AUorders must be postpaid, enclosing CASH for Worki Wholesaleai-dretaildepartinent, nextdoorto the Post Office, San Francisco. un Turner's Ginger Wine. THE MEDICAL FACULTY THROUGHOUT THE. UNION have acknowledged Ihis to be one of the best family medicines now in use. By caeciical process it has t proved to possess Alterative* Tonic & Anti-Dyspeptic properties, far superior to those found in any other iu " •inal beverage yet discovered. Tlie Medical Faculty • f tha State of New York, prescribe it in almost every «ase for debility and lassitude, owing to its soothing effect s on the system, and the absence of all injurious minerals, chemicals or acids. Tin. Turner Brothers have in their possession nn- nerous certificates of itssanilivo properties, from the most eminent public men of the United States, who have •witnessed its effects on their patients, where it has been administered in their extensive practice. It has been Analyzed kr the most eminent chemist, of New York City and Buffalo, where tbe Turner BrotheiK manufacture daily thou ■ands of gallons, and ..o popular bas it become, that they can hardly supply the demand, even when their still* are kept in operation dav and night. This wine H acknowledged at the East to be the BEST RESTORATIVE NOW IN t;_.E where general prontrati ef the system exists, or derangement of the functions ot the digestive organs, as It braces fie nerves anew, recoats the stomach, and creates an appetite when other tonics have failed. THIS I'lXCEl.LEVT WINE Is r.l.j.^iut to the taste, and the strictest advocate of temperance cannot discover any intoxicating quality in it. It i.j wholly Tree from all substances that aTc injurious to health, but on the contrary its effects on the system of either invalids, or persons in robust health, are ofthe most benetieial description. Caution to tl_e Public. The reputation awarded to Turner's (Jiiif-tr "Wine, an4 the unheard of popularity it has received at the East, M well as in this bh, te. bas been the means of putting in %h« market MANY SPCUIOCS AK'nci.ES—to guard against which Turnei Rvnlliers ii.-i ve had engraved on asTF.KT. i'i.atk a splendid new label, which is copyrighted and cannot hi-: eoC-fTBRFEiTKH ok iMiTATi-u. w i < ' i * 'ii t an infraction of Ihe copyright law. This label 1ms a correct portrait of the Turner Brothers, six in number, and no bottle that has not thislabel will contain tin* ::*-iniiue Ginger Wine. Unprincipled nen in this citv liave ]iai riallv c mntor- felted the label lately vised by the Turner Brothers, and thereby imposed on manv persons. We eaution all consumers of GINGER WINE to examine the label, as none is genuine save such as have our portraits in a circle, on a steel p^tr* Mi.rounding the inscription—" TURNER'S GIV.'K:. WINF. nr. p;M\»l hv Tiio-Kit BsornaRS, New York, Hwll.tk,, (_,\ Y.) ami San Francisco California." te*. CORDIALS, SYRUPS, AND EITTERS of every de- teription, manufactured by TURNER BROTHERS, Market street, opposite the,Orphan Asylum fcfM SiJN FSAS013CO. TO SCIENTIFIC AND PRACTICAL AGRICULTURE. By Henry Stephens. F. R. S-, of Edinburgh, and the late 'j. P. Norton, Professor of Scientific Agriculture in Yale College, New Haven. 2 vols. Royal Octavo. 1C00 pages, and numerous Wood and Steel Engravings. This is, confessedly, the most complete work on Agrieul ture ever published, and in order to give it a wider circulation the publishers have resolved to reduce the pnee tc Five _t>oIlar8 for the Two Volumes! . "When sent bv mail (post-paid) to California and Ore iron the price will be 87. To every other part of tht Union and to Canada (post-paid), $6. fl®- This work is .not the old " Hook of the Farm." Remittances for any of the above publications should always be addressed, post paid, to the publishers, LEONARD SCOTT & CO.. H o. 54 Gold Street, New York JOMSG. CLARK&C0. 128 Washington street, BAN FRANCISCO. IMPORTEES, Wholesale and Retail Dealers, Iii every description of FURNITURE, BEDDING, &c_ &c. _H^ XT _0. 3STJT TJ _E* _E2 WAREROOMS, In the Building opposite Washington Market, (Formerly known as the Clipper Warehouse.) And 49 and 51 Fourth street, between J and K streets, Sacramento. ^T__r-For the TRADE, we have a large stock, on clippers to arrive heavy shipments, and will receive regular and complete INVOICES of gooda adapted to the wants of the interior and coast. ^r-Particular attention and care given to TRADE. ORDERS and the FURNISHING of Hotels and Public Buildings. j®- Goods purchased will he sent to Steamers, Vessels, and all parts of the city without charge. JONAS G. CLARK & CO., No. 128 Washington street, 30 -San Francisco. pen it great bringing within lhe reach of eve Patent ,'rench Spring Beds, at 50 The Trice of BOARD is also foe. Boni'd per W _ els Won Ml per Oay Meals,en (Hi *wo«nu. An extensive and abnndantlv supplied READING HOOM and LIB1.A1.Y is also fitted up for the ftccninmodation ol tlie patrons of tttiri estiiblislimriit. The location ot the house i. such as to rlaceit in tbe centre ol'business : it is directly ■■ppesitc ilie. Mail Hi c:\rh- ship Company's Oflice, and in ihe immediate vicinity of the U. S. Branch .Mint. Just c 11 at the WHAT CH1-I.P. EfQCSE, 119 and l£_ Sacramento street, where you will Iv well iitti. nded to by K. IL WOUDWAlll). !'r<,,;.rietor. This House is conducted oh strictly Temperance prin- Mis MouotH Michigr sin Jos. n Spring i Bi un do ....Yuba P1V Kevscr Creek.....Mariposa G W Coulter do J F.McNau--- Los que Padezcan! Lean!! Lean!! Max"* el Mariposa "<> Mount Ophir do Millerton do MattinM Contra Costa Mokol11" ne Hill Calaveras.., Murphy's do MeDennott'B Bridge do MIS Valley do Moon's Ranch Colusa Mouroevillc do Mormon Island... .Sacramento. Michigan Bar do Monterey Monterey * Montezuma Tuolumne n r .n Mh__te....fcoa Angeles Ira Them Minersville.. ..Trinity _ Bates Mid'Hetovvn....Shasta CM McK Napa.... Napa EB Eaton .TH Miller H Carroll ..HJ'ogg H SAnhiser __ V Slovens W FMcDermott ES Osburn .Geo Ea-iI:infill J H Weston i W IVmiison B L Wavim idlT United States District Courts. .For the Northern District oj California.-Often Hodman, Jr.Judge ; John A. Monroe, clerk ; ,U< Y.McDnffie, marshal. Regular term« first Mun.lav in June and December of each year. Special term, at the option of the judge. For the Southern District of California,-!. S. K. Ogier. iudge ; C. Sims, clerk ; E. Hunter, marshal. Regular terms, tirst Monday in .June rt Monterey ; first Monday in December at Log An. geles. Special terms at the option of tbe judge. United States Circuit Court. For the District of Calitorma.-U H. McAlw- ter ind-e ; Geo. Penn Johnson, clerk. Regn ir term first Monday in July of each year. Special terms at auy time alter thirty days notice. Supreme Court. Solomon Heydeufeldt, Chief Justice ; David S. Terry. Hush S. Murray, Justices. Kegi'lar terms of the Supreme Court commences on the first Mondays ol Jimuary, April. July, and October. DISTRICT JUDOB8. Ut, Benjamin Hayes ; 2d, Joaquin Carrillo ; 3d, Craven .1". Hester ; 4th, John Ei IIagar ; 5th, Ch»j M.Creanor; (ith, Alonzo S. MbOSiB -^7^, B.-W. McKinMry 8th, J.M.Peters; «h.W;/-_p™- eerfieldi 10th, William T. Barbour ; llth John M Howell :12th, Edward Norton; 13_h, Kiinrko ; 14th, Miles Searlcs ; 15th. J. 8. Pitzer. TERMS OF COURT. The First District Court holds its terms in Lou Angeles on the third Mondays of March, July and November; in San Diego, the third Mondays in April August and December ; in San Bernardino the third Mondays of February, May and October United States Land Office for the Southern District of California: Andres Pico, Receiver ; H. P. Dorsey, Register. Customs Department—(San Pedro). Collector—C. E. Carr; Deputy-J. F. Stephens Postmasters : J. S. Waite, Los Angeles. G. C. Alexander, San Pedro. Thomas Burdick, San Gabriel. Ira Thompson, Monte. First Judicial District, comprising the counties of Los Jinseles, San Bemardiao and San Diego. First District Court.—Judge—Benj. Hayes. COUNTY OFFICERS. County Court—Wm. G. Dryden, Judge. Sheritf—J. R. Barton; Under Sherifl—Elijah Bettis. County Treasurer—H. N. Alexander. County Assessor—Antonio F. Coronel ; Deputy —J. H. Cclem.au. Comity Surveyor—H. Hancock. Puhlic Administrator—M. Keller. Superintendent of Public Schools—James F Bums. District Attorney—C. E. Thom. Coroner—J. B. Winston. County Clerk—John W. Shore; Deputy—J. A. Hinchman, Jailer—Francis Carpenter. Board of Supervisors—J. R.Scott. M. Domin- gnrz W. M. Stockton, Tomas A. Sanchez, R. Fry- TOWSPT-HP GSOTCEBS Los Angeles—Justices of the Peace—Russell Sackett, J. S. Mallard. Constables—Charles K. Bakur, Wm. H. Little. CITY OFFICERS. Mavor—John G. Nichols. City Marshal—.V. C. Getman ; Deputy—E.M. Smith. City Treasurer—Samuel Arbuckle. Cily Assessor—W. H. Peterson. City Attorney—C E. Thom. City Ooun_cil—M. Requena, N. Potter, Ezra Drown, Ira Gilchrist, A. Ulyard, Myron Norton, George Carson. >V_.(]_- Nieolaus... .-.utter Kavato Marin JJorth Branch ,. .. Calav Newtown., ..ElDorado. .l.ui'K. .Pta. Kelson's Creek. ...Siei Ouseley's Bar Yub Oregon House O'l.vmo's Ferry Onisbo... .Sacramento. Optiirville... .Placer... Oro City do <jrov_lle....Bntt" Oakland....Alameda.. .W H Enaicatt ...I C Dicl-ey H !•' Jones a.. ; Edwin TLnl-e J WSmith ...AC Neal Jnmes Stokes J C Lewis FBriiljre Peter Rice Stanislaus Jolm 0'N"eil ,.C F Howell ....Dnniel FCurtis G White .1. C Downer TCallagher .... G H C_fl Quai LOS AKGELES STAR Iflb °|t'iitttng €staMis|nwnt. • the U. K. Land C SPRING STREET, adjoi Tlie proprietor of the Los AngelefSta- fully inform his friends and the publi just received a large and varied ansortiu- al.and is now prepared to execute the tiousof PLAIN AND FANCY aro_B ra.i_KTTi_KTC_^. In the best style of tlie Art. onldreSpect that he ha. _nt of newmateri* following descrip Circulars, Law Blanks, Cards; Bills of Bxchang. Deeds, Bank Checks Notes, Programmer*., Posters, Billets, Bills of Fare. nd every dose ript on of Printi Qg that may he required. EL GRAN HEMEpiO ITALIAN 0 DE DE. PAREIRA, Para la eierta y eficaz cura de las infermedades de una naturaleza privada, sin hacer cuso del tiempo que se ha durado y sin malos efectoS al sistema o sinponerse en dleta. Nunca se I.a falt-wlo—_V1 puede f.iltR rt Cwrar. ESTE ESPECIFICO INVALUABLE FIJI. INT_.om.CIDO hace cinewmta aims an Lisa, y | iron to deques foe bien conoeido para una cura eierta quo en los pueblos y cinrta des no Molamente en el Continents, nero tambien en Grar Bretafia, la demasda pot ella y BUB meritos tan rccuiven- don que en menos de unafio desu introdoccion. fueto 3oenluga.de todos DttOB remedios. I,as faeultades de medicina de las eiudades principales de Europa fueron com[>elidos a reconocer en asombroxo poder sobre enfer- medades. Proprietaries de otras mediciuas, celosos de su popularidad (.ue vian en vano detenerlo en su progreso. Como cltrigo delante el segardor, sus esfuerxos caiycron 1 suelo, y como el tuego en los Hallos llevando todo por delante, SU marcba fue un triunfo. Se qnedo en sits meritos, y un publico decerniciito vio probd y fue convincido ' >, sus magioas virtudes. La Grande Fortuna adquerido por Br. Pareira de la ven- ta de ello los selaaftoa que la preparo solo atestiquaasus milagosoH meritos. Al fallecimiento del Doctor lo receta fue heredada por su hijo, quieu recientemente lo ha introducido en los Es- tados Unidos. El numero *le his euras que se ha hecho es aziinbroio. Miles y miles pueden dar testimonio do su efecaeia. Todos los que iiseii, lo Curainn I : 1 een una seguridad, despacho y a cievto que nmguna otra medicina ha poseida. No tomas falsas nostrums. [Ur un remedio que ha sido probado por lots cincuenta anoB pasados y que no se ha faltado, GUABDAN3E DE FALSAS APARIENCIAS. La venta tan estensiva de este asnmbriizn medicina, ha eausailo ya pernouas a vender a los candid oa una composi- cion espuria, con apaviencias a la orisrinal. No coropra sin la firmeescrita de A. Pareira M. D. en'el evoltoriodeafuera decadahotella. Todos los demas son fatsos, y sus fabri- cadores serai; casti^adus al est-remo rigor de la ley. Pre- cio TR!*:S PKKOS LA BOTEtLA. Para vender por B. Bab- cock, el linico ajreote para l.'ali'.oi'iiia. Oregon y las Islas de Sandwich a quien todos ordenes ban de estar dirijidos. Tambien para vender por Dro.neros de este Estado gener- almente. Un diweuento liberal para los que comprau por D. BABCOCK. Droguero Mayor. 133 Calle dc Clav Sun Francisco. Tambien para vender por J. B. WINSTON, Drogerero Los Angeles. T-lstn. <le Agentcs en cl Kstndo. Dr. .T. B. WINSTON. Los Angeles. R. K.ST A.RKV.'HATH RR. lioi.icade In, r.inda:l. Sacramento. RICE, COFFIN Y OA., Botica-rios Marysville. TV. H. BRUNEB, Bot ica de Tuolumne, Sonora at Vailey....MaripoJ Pesi Vine Butte D Whipple Bark's Bar.... Yuba Geo Wiser pilot Hill Et Borado A T Bailey Placerville do A M Thatcher Petal uraa Sonoma W 11 Swinerto iqen-ant Springs ...Calaveras K H Hoerchner Patevson.. ..Nevada.. ..E P Turney Plain Valley Sierra F R Becker Princeton. ...Colusa.. RT Arnett Pine Grove.... Amador A Leonard rUburg.. ..Mariposa D__ Pool mas Lewis Stork Rough and 1-M.dy.. . .Nevada E Ti Wmjin Round Tent do E .! Slate Red Dog do J C Green Red Bluffs.. ..Shasta _. Bradway Rabbit Creek Sierra ..Mr. Lester Rattlesnake Bar.. ..Placer Thomas Wood Russian River.. ..Mendocino H 8 Heaid Sebastopol Napa DM Johuston San Francisco.,..San Francisco C L Welle Steinberg's do G That*chcr Sacramento Sacramento ..Ferris F'oremi Sutter do D Hastings Sco.t's River Siskiyou Jnmes Cregein Salinas Monterey J R Hill Sau.luan do P Breen San Diego San Diego ... George Lyon San Luis Obispo., ..San Luis Obispo A Hurrav San Jose.... Santa Clara C E Allen * ' Santa Clara do ' II n McCobb Santa Cruz Santa Cruz :.___ Anthony San Lorenzo.. ..Alameda .1 Wood Ran Leandro do W Van Wagner San Pedro Los Angeles G Alexander San Gabriel do T Burdick San Rafael Marin S J Skiilmore Santa Rosa.... Sonoma FC Hahmann Sonoma do Mr Miller Smith's Ranch do N M Hedges San Ramon Contra Costa W Russell San Pablo do A B Bates Salmon Falls ElDorado J Downer Spanish Flat do J Glassman Santa Barbara.. ..Santa Barbara (. ]. Fisher San Bernardino.. ..San Bernardino., ..D N Thomas Shasta,. ,. Shasta J Lem on Shaw's Flat.... Tuolumne J Roberts Sonora do G W Patrick Staples Ranch San Joaquin I)J Staples Stockton do PE Conner Sutter Creek.. ..Amador..,, ...D Crand._ll Sarahvillo do R Robinson Sn el ling's Ranch. ...Mariposa H Schroedcr Siiisun....8oiajr,o W S Kyle San Andreas Calaveras CL Sweet St Louis Sierra TV P Williams Secret Ravin- ..Placer J Hart «plit Rock.." Merced ...JABugg . Strawberry V i ley Yuba I A Barnhart Tehama....Colusa 0 Gervy Trinidad.. ..Klamath.., .F C Darling Trinity.. ..Trinity C Lee IJniontown Humboldt A JI Murdoch Volcano., ..Amador H T Barnum Vallejo Solano. J B Frisbie Valh'cito Calaveras G M Murray Visalia Tulare J P Majors Woodv ilie Butte S Alvard Weaverville.. ..Trinity J Barry Watsonville.. ..Santa Cruz L Thrift West Point Calaveras A Walbaum Whisky Creek Shasta P Mi.. Western Sacramento A JI White Yankee Jim's Placer N He nek Yuba Citv Yuba L Badolett Yolo....Yolo JffHutton Yieka.... Siskiyou Join Lin tell SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY. County Judge—p. M. Thomas. County Treasurer—Samuel B...lfe. County Assessor—James Henry Rollins. County Surveyor—AWin Stoddard. Public Administrator—Addison Pratt. Superintendent Public Schools—H. Skinner. District Attorney—Ellis Earaes. Coroner—Win. Cox. County Clerk—R. R. Hopkins. Sluiriif—Robert Clilt. Supervisors—L. Roubideaux, N. Taylor, Wm. Cox. _ Tlie t-_»\ir of Newspapers. 1. Subscribers who do not give express notice o the contrary, are considered as wishing to continue their subscription. 2. If subscribers order theirpapers discontinued, Publishers may continue to send them until all charges are paid. 3. If'snbscribers neglect or refuse to take their papers Irom the oflice or place to wliich they are sent, they are held responsible until they settle their account, and give notice to discontinue them. 4. II subscribers remove to other places without informing the Publishers, aud the paper is sent to the former direction, they are held responsible. 5. The Courts have decided that refusing to take a paper or periodical from the office, or removing and leaving it uncalled fov,isprima facia evidence of intentional fraud. Postmasters would oblige, hy a strict fulfillment ofthe regulations requiring them to notify Publishers, once in three months, of papers not taken from their affice by subscribers. instances. The following table of distances was measured with a viameter, by Capt. Warner, ofthe TJ S. Topographical Engineers, in the Bummer of 1848 :— From San Francisco to Mission Dolores. .2i miles, " " Sanchez Ranch 17 " " San Mateo 21 " " Santa Clara 48 '" " San Jose 51 " '- Murphy's 70 " " San Juan 94 " '- Salinasriver 113 " " Monterey 125 " " Mission Soledad 166 " " Ojitos 266 " -' San Miguel 237 " " Brakes: Ranch 258 '■" " Santa Margarita.... 265 " " San Luis Obispo.. ..276 " " Capt. Dana's 299 " " Los Alamos 321 Santa Inez 340 Gaviota Pass.. Arroyo Ilonde Dos Pueblos , Santa Barbara... Carpentaria Rincon Buenaventura.... Santa Clara river. Canega..., Loa Angeles..,..,. Los Coyotes Santa Ana Juan Avila's San Juan Capistrano 352 36fl 370 387 .398 .402 .415 .421 .475 .485 .504 .515 535 542 ^ttjaeie VOL. VI. LOS ANGELES, CAL., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1857. NO. 42. Cos %ti$tits Star: PUBUSHBD KVKRY SATURDAY MORNING, At No. 1, Pico Buildings, Spring Street, adjoining the U. S- Land Office, Los Angeles, BY H. HAMILTON. fmsmess Cark TERMS: Subscription, per annum, in advance. .$5 00 For Six Months, 3 00 For Three Months 2 00 Single Number 0 25 Advertise Mi-NT., inserte at T woDoilars per square of ten lines, for the first insertion ; and One Dollar per square for each subsequent insertion. A liberal deduction made to Yearly Advertisers. Agents.—The following gentlemen are author i?,ed Agents for the Star : L. P. FISHER.. iffa« Francisco. BcltSB & BOBOIOK, Post Offlfte San Gabriel. W__tsun ■*■- King Monte. Coi,. Ira Tikimfmon Monte, R. N. Sunnr s_l« Barbara. JuunnsD. A. Thomas TXaVtil C. E. THOM. C. SIM.!. THOM & SIMS, Attorneys ami Counsellors at Law OFFICE—ON MAIN STREET, (Opposite the Bella Union Hotel.) uni Jolm "W\ Shore, COUNTY CLERK. Fees payable ti-Vnrlal.ly In aclvanee. X>3_». Carter, OFFICE AND DRUG STORE, LOS ANGELES STREET, Adjoining ICellW's Store. PRIVATE RESIDENCE—BOWE'S BUILDIXG, MAIN STREET. un 7 PACIFIC EXPRESS COMPANY, ..y^^sss-fc^si _!_»_■ I COMPANY," will ilespulcliby evory SU'iini* re_r.ilar rtKpref.!**, in charge of a Special Messenger, to SANTA BAKBARA. SAN LUIS OBISPO, MONTEREY, SAN FRANCISCO, and All parts of Northern and Southern Mines. —ALSO— Orv^nn, Atlantic States and Europe. COLLECTIONS made in all of tlie. ahove named places. TREA..URI':, PARCELS, PACKAGES and LETTERS fo DRAFTS parohaasdin San Francisc. on tha Atlantic States and Europe. *«,_!«* Particular attention paitl to the forwarding of Gold Duat to the Mint for coinage. ,_._-,._. . Tr.'isitr'* Letters eta., rpcutved up to tlielatest moment ,„d1 iM«*._ to (i„.,tin_ti._ h^ k^ myle_^ Apn. DR. A. COOK, TTrOUIJ.) inform his* rr'n-iulH and the public,that u-bara. _.W hp now ui.c.ui. ii.:K a room on Itequtma etreet. in a-'-dino. I ain city of Lo*. tCrjst.lof*, wli.irt. he m;iy bfi CDlrftttt- ed at all hours, (except wiicn abroad to visit tlie sick.) He will be happy to confer with all those who wish his council or medical aid. A full and unbroken confidence may be entrusted to liim in any one or other case of disease to which the human system is made heir. He will successfully treat all indolent ulcers, tumors, swellings, abscesses and scrofula: and will give particular attention to the treatment and cure ot diseases of the Eye. octlS On tlie Plain [For the Loa Angelas Star.] ml i.inoiig the BKottntaJtiUi Carriage and Blacksmith Shop. By JOHN GOLLER. LOS ANGELES STREET, NEAR THE FOOT OF COMMERCIAL Till*, subscriber respectfully i forms the public generally tli ho will keep constantly on hac and will manufacture to order, Coaches,Buggies; Wagons,Carts &c, in a neat and worfcm&nlike manner. He has onhana aim for ..-de ;*. Bne .took of Eastern White Oak and Hickory PI:uik Jto labels. He keeps oiistanUy on hund a large variety of Cart and lSi_.?_*y vrhnlU. Spokes, Felloes, Shafts, Neck Yokes. Double and singletrees Horse Shoeing and Blacfesmitliing: in all its various brauuhes.e..ecuted with promptneSK and pdisatch. Particular iitt-nti<..i will be given to tht. mann faoture and repair of PLOWS, EtiRROWS, andotherParm- in^Untensils. a#haaanijjflrtMiaiTeaa_f.rianentofIronax. el_, Springs, Bolts, Plow and Spring steel, and other mate, rialpertaiuing to the business, too numerous to mention. Also, 20 Tons of Blacksmiths' Coal. With none but the best of workmen in his employ, he feelsconfidentthat lie can give entire satisfactioc to his ''"un?"1 JOHN COLLEK. _N"otice. ALL persons are hereby cautioned against buying or otherwise trading for undented horses, or cattle of our brands ; . r they will be prosecuted to the extent of tho law. ANDREAS DOMINGUEZ. seP20—tf JESUS Ma. COTA de DOMINGUEZ. Hotel International, J A CKS ON S TREE T, near Montgomery. SAN FRANCISCO, MTHIS magnificent Mansion has been leased for a term of years by MRS. A. S. HALEY, is now undergoing a thorough repair, when it will be furnished entire with new Furniture and opened to the public on Christmas, the 25th instant, with the best Table and most cleanly House on the Pacific. |g-Board, with Lodging, fqom §2 to §3 per day. Our motto—wk strivk to please. janlO JAMES CLARKE, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, —13 L MON T E.— Office in Whistler's Block, on Main Street. dec20 SOLOMON LAZAED, IMPORTER, And Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Frencli, .English and American Dry Goods. Corner of Melius Row, Los Angeles. ang 9 ■ AUG. W. TIMMS. Forwarding and Commission Merchant, SanPet-RO and Los Asgele ..Oal., un7 H. READ, Agent, I_os Angclrs. BANNING & WILSON, Forwarding and Commission Mer- cliants, San Pedro. Phineas Bannixg, S. H. Wilson sep27 GAMBRIHB1JS BREWERY. THE best ALE and BEER manufactured, and always on hand. Delivered to city customers without extra charge. Coopering and He pairing of Barrels, &Oi Sic. An assortment of Barrels always on hand. ^^^^^ K. MESSER, Prej.ri-.tov. EMORY, HOUGHTON & CO'S p a t e nr t §<&msa_& ^s__§^^. CONSI.TINU OF A Family, Hag, * SlititHe Macliine OFFICE OF AGKJVOY, ]VO. 26 Battery Street, near Pine. janlO 3m .iy M. GREAYY, Agent. J. C. EDDY & CO'.S IS THE PLACE TO BUY YOUR CLOTHING, HATS, CAPS, —AND— FURNISHING GOODS. FOK THEY HAVE UNEQUALLED FACILITIES FOR SUPPLYING EVERY ARTICLE OF GENTLEMENS' "Wearing ^_iDi_>a.r©X —AT— LOWER PRICES Than any other Establishment in the State, CALL AND SEE FOB YOUBSELVES, At their Establishment on tlie Northwest Corner of Sansome and Commercial Sts., Directly opposite the St. Nicholas Hotel San Francisco. The place may be known by the stained glass windows. ie!] Wholesale and lietail. NEW BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c. HELLMAN & BRO., BEG to inform the public that, having removed to their new store, Los Augeles street, where they have increased facilities fbr bnsisesg, tbey have now on hands the largest and best selection of goods in their line ever before offered in Los Angeles, comprising— BOOKS—English fy Spanish, embracing every Department of Literature. STATIONERY, of every description. Playing Cards. SEGARS, Tobacco, and Matches. FANCY GOODS—a choice and extensive -sa sortment. CUTLERY—of all kinds. RIBBONS, Combs, Sewing Silk, Perfumery, Toys, Candy, fyc Sfc. All of which will be disposed of on the lowest terms, lor cash. HELMANN A BRO., Melius Row, East side Los Angeles street. August 9th, 1856. Hughes & Wallace, 103 axxel 107 SACRAMENTO STREET, SAN FRANCISCO. J8-I.OTICE!-®. MR. H. NEWMARK having withdrawn from the Firm of Rich, Newmark &. Co., lias been admitted a partner in the Firm of Newmark & Krcmer. Hereafter, the business of said Co-Partnership will be carried on under the name of NEWMARK, KREMER & CO. NEWMARK & KREMER. Los Angeles, Jan. 9th, 1S57. NEWMARK,liREMER & CO. Will constantly keep a full Assortment of every kind OF Groceries and Liquors, Dry Goods and Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Hardware, kc. &c. &c. NEWMARK, KREMER & CO. Los Angeles. Jan. 9. 1857. by Ida ci.osnv. Stretching outward from the coast, oeavtitg * Ith an endless motion. L><isli:'.l and broken, tempest tossed, Rolle tlie solemn, trackless ocean. Solemn, when tbe billows grey Tell ilu* listenin»- stare their story ; Radiant,when ih^-cllowday Lends the pparkllog wave us glory ; Cruel, when its wrath is high, Hooking oft our fond reliance, To the sternly threatening sky Hurling baijk ils mad defiance; Mighty in its breathing rest Asa weary giant Bleeping, When across iis glowing breast Bright (lie .sunset clouds are sweeping. Glorious light ihe day's last beam On the glassy wave leaves burning. And across the golden stream Skims the Bea-bird, home returning. By the billows rocked to sleep, Swiiyfl .he greal ship nvi the ocean ; Sflenee reigneth on the deep- Silence, yet a mighty faction, But the spirit fioda qo peace While the waters are reposing ; Crowding thoughts, that never oease Come, the eye of rest unclosing, Looking from the mast-head high, O'er the boundless, billowy distance, How the soul pants breathlessly. To o'er eo me earth's gross resistance, Comprehend affinity, Spurn this bounded, brief existence, Longs to stretch her wings in flight, Like the sea-bird, wild with motion. Miirhty longing day and night— iii'l. no peace is on the ocean. Erom the world of verdure parted. Sheltering rock and water clear, Now we wander, heavy-hearied. O'er the desert lone and drear. Here no streamlet hiughs to meet us, Here no blushing blossom charms, And no swaying tree to greet us, Spreads its broad inviting arms, Here the sun sinks red and haggard, Weary wastes of sand to meet, And night's rest comes like a laggard To the patient camel's feet. Then the bright stars burn and glisten Diamond like, with living fire, And tho desert seems to listen To thebhininc heavenly choir. Hushed and waiting, but not hearing, List we too, with straining eye. In the beating silence fearing Lest, the heart should throb too high. Creeping o*er thi desert lonely, With her watchtul eves of light, There U breathless terror only In the stiliuess of the night. No sweet, dew drops: from her lingers, No content, comes with the dawn ; So the wandering Arab lingers Rut a moment, and is gone. Traveling toward the western mountains, Throimh the forest and the vale, Passing hamlets, groves, aud iouutaiiis, Rivers white wilh ninny a sail; Frnm the noise of'cities going, Erom the sound of village bells, Busy wheel and mill stream flowing With a murmur through tbe dells ; Pa-sing where the lithe corn swaying, Noels and bends and nods again, Where the light and shadow playing, Run across the fields of grain ; Leaving eastern homes behind us, Joys of life and liie of cure. Here no care, no joy shall bind us, Restless freedom everywhere! Lo ! the western sky bends o'er us, Aud the Prairie is before us! Lo! the Prairie proudly sweeping! Lo! the Prairie wide and still! Where the stealthy breezes creeping, Woo tbe bright-eyed fl >wers at will; Where the grass, a moment parting, Closes o'er the foot-track light, And the grey-winged birds ups ealing Elash before us in their flight; Where, with fluttering wing bespangled Fliis the fickle butterfly, And among the vines entangled, Rosy red the berries lie. But with fairer green beguiling, Spreads the distance, far and wide, And the charms around us smiling, In its velvet verdure hide. By the distant promise cheated, Seeking contentment here. Disappointed and defeated, Roams ihe restless pioneer; From the nearer beauty turning. For the greener distance yearning. Oh! the mighty Prairie! stretching Like a green and sileut sea, Yast and awful in its reaching, Vague as far futurity. Vast! the swelling mind to fill it Struggles vainly to be free ; Vague! press down your heart and still it, Aching with its mystery. Weary stillness, solemn vastness, High emotions may impart, But in peaceful mountain faslness Happier lests the tranquil heart! £»£L_t_L _Bernard.i2io. NEW STORE. LEWIS JACOBS begs to inform his friends and the public of SAN 'BERNARDINO, that he intends To Recommence Business lit the 3Iont.li of February, in the NEW BRICK BUILDING, opposite the Office of the County Clerk, when he will offer for their inspection an entirely NEW STOCK OF" GOODS, Dry Goods and Groceries—on the very lowest terms. ■m Jan. 1st, 185.. And whip-poor-will, the only tiling awake, Sends !iis, lone song aeruss lhe siuinhering lake. Oh ! Iter.* is peace, indeed. The weary heart ILiin here would rest, and never more depart. Oh! happy heart that hath snob peaoe as this— Sueh pure contentment, sueh unrull!"*. bliss. Whose morn is glorious 'neath the smile of Ilea-, en, peaoefal beaut; rnleth o'er tbe even, Snob life is his whose quiet days are spent Among the mountains of serene content ; Who, whatsoe'er the morrow hath in store, Uvea well to day, and asks for nothing more ; And in the present meekly satisfied, TrustB God for coming evil will provide ; Bnthe to whom life is a restless plain, May seek the distent happiness iu vain ; The far olfjoys that charm his wandering eye, As he pursues, before him swiftly fly; I lis head grows weary, while he seeks to know What joy the future holds fbr him, or woe: h.vT refusing present good to see, Wanders in joyless doubt, and misery. Oil I let us ohOOSe Ihe higher, happier part— A heavenly tniBt, a pore, contented heart: [n life'h tweet valley* quletlj !** dweH, Where God. s great love shall ever guard us well Ami look through the dim future, but to see 'i he promised land—a bless'd Eternity. New York. September. 1855: I find this word for the first time in the North1 on a map of 1576; which accompanies a work ot Sir Humphrey GUlwrt on his discoveries -, but soon after it is often found in the Northern regions, probably only because South America became BO filled with names that there waa no place more for the great title " America," which could easily be put down in the wide an empty deserts ot the North. The name was then adopted as a general title for the whole fourth part of tbo world. The name of A-ncrica itself, so also the separation of both continents, under the designation of "South" and " A"orth America." appears to* have commenced not In the country which owned* the greater part ofthe Mew Worid (Spain,) but Iu. England, the Netherlands, France and Germany. NU-N formerly applied (t. the AiiiciKruii Contlu. nl. Mr. T. G.Kohl, FANCY GOODS, YANKEE NOTIONS, *S*c. HUGIIES & WALLACE. HOSIERY, GLOVES, SHIRTS, &c. HUGHES & WALLACE. BONNETS, FLATS, FLOWERS, *fcc. HUGAES & WALLACE. RIBBONS, BLONDES, ROTJCHES, «C. HUGHES & WALLACE. BUTTONS, FRINGES, GALLOONS, &c. HUGHES & WALLACE. KJMVES, SCISSORS, RAZORS, &c. HUGHES & WALLACE. PERFUMERY, COMBS, BRUSHES. HUGHES & WALLACE. WHITE GOODS, EMBROIDERIES. LosFloros 562 Sau Luis Rey 575 San Diego 6l2i Established in 1849. ONE OF OUR FIRM is at present travelling in Europe, where he la collecting and forwarding to us by every steamer, the most splendid stock of WATCHES AND JEWELRY ever imported into this State. Our Watches cannot be surpassed for substantiality and time-keep Ing. Our Jewelry i& selected with the greatest care, and none but the most tasteful goods made ot the finest gold are allowed to leave our estab lishment. Quartz Je-welry We manufacture on the premises. We are the inventors of the art, and keep ahead of all competition. WATCH REPAIRING- is done by the best workmen, under our own Inspection, and warranted for oue year. Watches for repair sent to us by Express are attended to promptlv. BARRETT & SHERWOOD, 13. Montgomery street, between Clay and Commercial streets. jy26 tf SAN FRANCISCO. The desert lone, the prairie and the sea. Are fraught with deep and solemn mystery. Oh ! dearer far the green slope ofthe" bill. The forest dim, the valley sweet and still. The daisied fields, lhe dark entangled brake, The rolling river and the limpid lake, The proud old cliff-, where bright the star-flowers grow, The clear stream whispering in the shade below. As turns the wild bird to her sheltered nest, We seek thee, mountain homes, for peace and rest : Thou art the nursery ofthe mighty free, The home of nature's great nobility ; And calm content;, as pure as earth can bring, Broods o'er thee, like a gentle angel's wing. So Scotia's children, wise, and great, and good, Love well their rugged hills aud swelling dood ; And Switzer's sous rejoice indeed to dwell Where mountain bulwarks shield and guard them well. And in our own thrice blest and happy land, Would'st learu where nature clasps her friendly hand With thine in confidence and kindest mood? Oh i come with me to mountain solitude ; To yon green hills, crowned with the taeselled pine, Where violets bloom and cascades Hash and shine. Deep in the valley, sileut and secure, A silver mirror, crystaUike and pure. Girdled with mountains, bearing on thy breast Islets of green, in calm, unbroken rest; Wo hail thee, smiling iu thy sweet content, Fairest ot lakes—Lake George—St. Sacrament. How radiant art thou when returning day Comes o'er the eastern hills in bright array, Aud softly melts the mountain mists away ; liut lovlier when the gentle evening glides In shadowy robe down the grey mountain's sides, 1 Over the water, through the valley trips, Kisses the flowerets with her dewy lips, u a communication to the Aa- tional Intelligencer, gives some curious information in regard to the various names which were applied to the American continent during its early history. The first name under which North America became known in Europa (or one portion of it at least) was that of "Wine Land." which was applied by the Northmen ; but this name, with the discoveries of the Northmen, was soon forgotten. The Brst designation which appeared on a map was in 1808, when La Costa, a Spaniard, published it as tho " Sea (or coast) discovered by Englishmen." It was so named from the fact that Sebastian Cabot (in 1497) was the first man after the Northmen to sail along the coast of'North America. Newfoundland and its vicinity was subsequently called '■ Uaecalaos," by theBiscayan fishermen who frequently visited it. from the principal product which it yielded—the codfish—which in the Biscay an language is called bacca/aos. Sometimes the titleRegiones Bacca- leorum—Codfish Regions—was given to a vast tract of North America, if not tho whole, and may be considered the first name under wliich a great part of the continent became known to Europe. The Spaniards commenced their discovery of North America with what Ponce de Leon in 1512 called Florida. The Spanish geographers gave it fanciful names, some designating it as Terra de Cuba, the mainland of Cuba, and others Paria. The latter term was properly the name which was first given after tho second toyage of Columbus (141)8) to that part of South America which he discovered. The name Paria was applied, probably, in the belief that North aud South America were one connected continent, and ought thereto: e to bear the same name. It lasted a long time, until the magnitude ofthe two continents was properly recognized, and unitl the geographers learned that they ought to have distinct names. Many thought it was all one group of large and small islands, and hence the early general designaiions were such as *■- The newly four-d island, and countries," "The New World," "The New Siihere," ■'The West Indies." "The Indies of Occident," or " Tho New Indies," " The Fourth Part of the World," &e. Of the name "America," Mr. Kohl says : Towards the year 1520 the name America was introduced in books and maps. Humboldt has given us the history of this name, and has shown that at first a German cosmographer, in one of his books, uttered the opinion that tha New World could very appropriately be ealled America, because Amerigo Vespucci had written so much about it, and had also so much merit in its better discovery. This proposition found applause in Germany, tlie Netherlands and vicinity, and after the year 1520 we find that name down on many maps, sometimes written America, sometimes Ameria, America Provincia, (the Province America,} or also the New World America. The name is, however, for a long time exclusively given to South America, which was first circumnavigated all round, and which was first recognized to be an entire continental piece of land by itself, since the expeditions to Peru and Chile, after 1530." The extent and geographical character of North America were not ascertained until a much a later date. Many thought it was joined to Asia, aud was only a large peninsula, and on many maps the names ''Asia" or "India Superior" were applied to Asia and the whole of North America, except Florida and Mexico. Cortez himself, in his progress northward from Mexico, expected to *all in with Upper India and China. When the true character of the continent was discovered, the names applied to it varied with the nationalities and theories ofthe map makers. The French, who had made great discoveries in North America during the sixteenth century, attempted to affix to it the appellation, " La Nacelle Fiance" (New France:) and the French geographer and historian, Thevet, called South America " La France Antarctiqtie." The Spaniards, with equal ambition, endeavored to make tlieir famous names of Mexico and Peru still moro celebrated and comprehensive by stretching them over the two continents. Numerous Spanish maps call the whole Of South America El Peru and North America Mexico or Nova Spagna (New Spain). Even at the close of the sixteenth century, wdieu the name "America " had become familiar to the Spaniards, they applied the title America Peruvana (the Peruvian America) to South America, and America Mexicana to North America. Sometimes they distinguished the two continents by calling the southern America, and the northern Nova Spagna. The Spaniards also extended their name Florida over the whole continent. The English endeavored to give the name "Virginia" to North America. It is a fine name, and would have been a euphonious and handy title for the country. There are scarcely auy maps before tiu; year 1750 in which the name America is applied to North America. The writer says : Tlie I-lne of Battle Slil|i Peimsylinnln. We see it stated that there is some probability Ebat ibis magnificent vessel will yet be turned to* some more valuable use than that of receiving ship at Norfolk. It is proposed to cut off her upper deck, lengthen her and convert her into a propeller. The Pennsylvania, though not the longest, is the most spacious ship in our service, has the largest armament, and requires a larger number of mon to mau her. She can carry six mouths' provisions and water for twelve hundred men. This war ship, the largest in J/he world, was built at an immense expense, and launched twenty- one years ago at Philadelphia, with great parade and in the presence of all the high dignitaries of the country. She made the passage to N.rfolk, and there she has been ever elnce, of no use to the country whatever, except as a receiving sh p. Had' shebeen put afloat twenty years previously, she might have been regarded as monarch of the seas,- for neither at Trafalgar, Aboukir, or Copenhagen, was thero a vessel that was anywhere near her equal in strength, number of guns, or weight of metal. But ocean steam navigation, by becoming practical, rendered her practically useless. Railroad bom Sun PiiukUco to Stockton. The Stockton Republican says:—" Letters received in this city from London by the last steamer, give ffattcring accounts of the early commencement of the work on the Stockton and San Francisco railroad. The project is in the hands of the English railroad capitalists. The next steamer will probably bring us something definite in regard to it." Extracts from a Modem Dictionary. Author—A dealer in words, who gets paid in his own coin. Bargain—A ludicrous transaction, in which each party thinks he has cheated the other. Belle—A beautiful but useless insect without wings, whose colors fade on being removed from the sunshine. Critic—A large dog that goes unchained, and barks at everything he does not comprehend. ■ Distant Relations—People who imagine they have a claim to rob you, if you are rich, and to insult you if you are poor. Doctor-A man who kills you to-day. to save you from dying to-morrow. Editor—A poor devil who is every day employing his brain, in order that he may fill his stomach Fear—The shadow of hope. Grave-An ugly hole in the ground, which pools and lovers wish they were in, bnt take uncommon pains to keep out of. Heart—A rare article sometimes found in human beings. Housewifery—An ancient art, said to have been fashionable among girls and wives ; now entirely out of use, or practised only by the lower orders. Modesty-A beautiful fiower that flourishes ouly In secret places. My Dear—An expression said to be used by man and wife at the commencement ol a quarrel. Policeman—A man employed by the corporation to sleep in engine houses and theatres, at six dollars per night. Political Honesty—Previous lexicographers have not noticed this word, treating the thing as altogether fabulous. For defiuitiou, see ** Betf-in- ter est." Rural Felicity—Potatoes, turnips and cabbages. State's Evidence-A wretch who is pardoned lor being baser thau his comrades. Tongue—-V little horse which is continually 'running astray. The Valus or Jokjss.—As gold Incomes refined! by passing through the ordeal of fire, so truth is the purer for being tested hy the furnace of fun ; for jokes are to facts what melting-pots are to metal. The utterer of a good joke is a useful member of society. ax Inddcembnt.—An old toper was overheard the other day advising a young man to get married, "(because then, my boy, you'll have somebody to* pull off your boots when you go home drunk." Was Hamlet a Butcher.— This query has been suggested by a portion of one ofthe philosophic prince's speeches:— " My tablets—meet it is, I set it down." From which it is inferred that Hamlet drove his own cart, carried round mution, and charged it iu his book to reliable cu tomers. . Poetry is said to be the Hour of literature ; prose is the c 'rn. potatoes and meat; satire, is the aquafortis ; wit is the spice and pepper ; letters containing remittances are the apple-dumplings. If a man has a right to be proud of anything it is of a good action ; done, as it ought to be. without a base interest lurking at the bottom of it. Hoofs.—Lovely woman hoops to folly, and drives- poor man to melancholy, by her great frigid zones ;■ then let her hear a warning voice, between her hoops and hopes make choice, and give the dogs; her bones. Ambition is like a wild horse, wliich dances «n^- easily until he has thrown off his rider. Why was St. Paul like a horse ? Eecanse be loved Timothy. T
|Title||Los Angeles Star, vol. 6, no. 42, February 28, 1857|
|Type of Title||newspaper|
|Description||The English weekly newspaper, Los Angeles Star includes headings: p.1]: [col. 3] "On the Plain and among the mountains by Ida Crosby", [col.4] "Names formerly applied to the American continent", [col.5] "The line of battle ship Pennsylvania", "Railroad from San Francisco to Stockton", "Extracts from a modern dictionary"; [p.2]: [col.1] "Peace and amnesty", "Kern River mines", [col.2] "The State Treasurer", "Purchase of Territory", "General Wool, who has been for some yeras in command of the Pacific Military District, has at his own request been recalled", [col.3] "Los Angeles water works", "Mechanics Institute -- lecture by Judge Ord", "From Sonora", [col.4] "The eagle feast of the California Indians", [col.5] "The flirt by Horace Stanly"; [p.3]: [col.1] "U.S. District Court", "The late rains", [col.2] "Atlantic news"; [p.4]: [col.4] "Post offices and post Masters in California", [col.5] "Official directory", "The law of newspapers", "Distances".|
|Subject (lcsh)||Los Angeles(Calif.) -- Newspapers|
|Geographic Subject (City or Populated Place)||Los Angeles|
|Geographic Subject (County)||Los Angeles|
|Geographic Subject (State)||California|
|Geographic Subject (Country)||USA|
|Coverage date||circa 1857-02-12/1857-03-06|
|Publisher (of the Original Version)||Hamilton, H.|
|Publisher (of the Digital Version)||University of Southern California. Libraries|
|Format (Extent)|| p.|
|Contributing entity||The Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery|
|Identifying Number||Los Angeles Star, vol. 6, no. 42, February 28, 1857|
|Legacy Record ID||lastar-m212|
|Part of Collection||Los Angeles Star Collection, 1851-1864|
|Rights||Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery|
|Access Conditions||University of Southern California owns digital rights only. For personal, educational or research use contact: Special Collections, Doheny Memorial Library, Libraries, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0189; email@example.com; phone (213) 821-2366; fax (213) 740-2343. Contact rights owner at repository e-mail (or phone (626) 405-2178 or fax (626) 449-5720) for access to physical images. For permission to publish or republish material in any form -- print or electronic -- contact the Rights owner.|
|Repository Name||Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery|
|Repository Address||1511 Oxford Road, San Marino, CA 91108|
|Filename||STAR_340; STAR_341; STAR_342|
|Contributing entity||The Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery|
§>im 1 raittk. ^bhtrfommnts.
Wholesale Dealer in Watches, Jewelry, Diamonds, Tools, Glasses,
WATCH MATERIALS, FANCY GOODS, _C,
10S Montgomery street, corner of Jackson,
(Dr. Wright's Building.)
ROBERT JOSEPHI havingpurchased the entire stock nnd trade of the
__» business of Isaac S. Joseph i &Co., will
carry on the Bame For hia own account, at 195
Montgomery Btreet, corner of Jackson, (Dr.
Wright'e Building,) San Franoieco. a_o27-8n_
MEN'S, WOMEX'S, & cIIILDUEN"--
OF EVEKY 1-EfiCRIPTION,
Collars j Shirts, Drawers
AMEHICA-V, El!_Gt.I8H FRENCH AXD
BY LATK ARRIVALS OF
STEAMERS AND (.Liri'EKS.
HUGHES & WALLACE,
103 ami 107 Snc.um.iito st.,
d.c.7 3mia SAN FRANCISCO.
.an Jfranrist. ^..trfctnm.ts.
To Parties Claiming Payment from
tlie United States for ]»_„ nml cle.tiuctleti ot
Properly during the War with Mexico.
PARTIES desirous of having their Claims pros-
eonte. lij the undersigned before the Court ol
Claims at Washington, can receive all the necessary information on the subject, and have their
Claims promptly prosecuted on application to O.
MORGAN. Los Angeles.
aug 2 ' J- D. STEVENSON, San Francisco.
SMITH & WINCIIELL'S
Received from tho'State Fair of lSf>G
THE FIRST PREMIUM.
4j£ HAVING become tbe Agent for the @g
__ above Nursery, and having made ar- __Z
rangetnentB for a constant supply of Trees from
theflame-I now invite all person? who contemplate planting an Orchard, Garden, or a Single
Tree, to call and examine my STOCK before par
chawing. If it, is not convenient for all to come
personally, then delegate some friend or Business
Agent to examine for yon. or order directly from
me a Sample Lot of such trees as are wanted.
I have arrangements with other Nurserymen
and Gardeners for a supply of such minor iViuts
nnd trees a? mav be necessary in order to keep a
COMPLETE ASSORTMENT of everything in
The list below comprise:, a portion of what J
now offer at very LOW RATES.
100,000 FRUIT TREES,
Oftlie various kinds, consisting in part, of the
From one to three years old, from four to ton feet
high, of fine symmetrical form, welt branched,
aod ol all the choice varieties.
Dwarf and Standard of nearly all ofthe best varieties.
From four to twelve feet high, very fineand thrifty, Including many ofthe leading varieties.
Of the usual varieties, also some of the choicest.
Southern Dispatch Line
SAN PEDRO PACKETS,
_ TOUCHING AT SANTA BARBARA.
11HIS LINE is composed of the favorite clipper
LAURA BEVAN, Captain F. Morton ;
JULIUS riilNGLE. J. S.Garcia ;
S. D. BAILEY. N. niller ;
ARNO, Wm. Hughes.
Which will run regular hereafter as above, taking freight and passengers on the most favorable
terms, to which every care and attention will be
^Arrangements are in progress by which a regij
lar Weekly line of Schooners will be established,
sailing from San Francisco, without fail, every
For further particulars apply to any ot tlie principal merchants at Los Angeles, San Pedro, or
Santa Barbara. N.PIERCE,
Proprietor of the Line, at San Francisco.
Office—Corner of Market and East streets, lower
building, (np stairs.) where goods will be receipt-
d for and forwarded free of storage and drnyagc
Sail jTitntisra ^b&triistmtnte.
J. M. Strobridge & Co.,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
COMMERCIAL AND SANSOME STREETS,
Under St. Nicholas Hotel,
-\FFER the largest nnd most con.[il