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Lieut. Dekby.—"John Phoenix'' baB got tobe i captain. Among the promotion* made by tbe Pre sident, since the adjournment qJ the Senate, wi find thefollowing: ■■ Flint Lieutenant George H Derby, to be Captain, 1st Jaly, I860, be bavin*. served fourteen yaara Oontinuoaa service* as Lien tenant. Copper ore has .been discovered near Whisky Diggings, in Sierra counly. i*4KSS ROVIDE FOB PAVING CF,J1- pro'viHl Ajrni .i.i. ■-■ The I'oopto of Liu-.S B l-'iHiik'n I'i.i.il. lor that purpose ; ap ite of California, represented In Sen ate aud As embly, do enact as follows * Section* 1. For the purpose oi liquidating, funding am Ifaying the olruiiiH it fttnst tlo; State ol i..;i! Vrrruiri. here inj.1 l.i'.v .specified, t!u rreaflur'w of State shall cause ^ in prepared suitable bo ids of the State of Califomig nol ■exceed tlie sum of I Interest at thu rate the date of tlmir i-n. '*. ;VV;r v.* tllS Office ni' ! ir.. r-v V st day of -July, ono thounand eiglit A. L. EDWARDS & CO., Ni™ stock Ab oh-Siob G-ROCE MIES, At 81 Clay Street, Above Front Qgfa Franciaco. A L. EBWABDS & AO. bave art opened a fine il.. assortment ol (Jhuice Family Groceries, winch they offer at tbe lowest rates. Floub—Superior brands of domestic. Corn MEAL—Freeh, in 10,25, and 50-lb. saefes. ikjiJKivm*:.vi."Mi.!Af,—ll*j:ui;iv, coarse mul liue ; Com Starch. CotTHK—Old Government and Green Java, aud * Ric hundred and eighty BlwU be duo ami payable at t State affixed thereto. Sm;. :}. Coupons, Cor tlie interest, i eacb bond sp that they may be remov mutilation to tlio bond. Said oou] nambared, shall be Big ued in* the Trea Sue. 3. It shall b« thu duly of tbo trolU'r of stato, each, to keep a eep Audi bonds n- mav be l.-rviv.l. '.-inm-in Rupei Teas—Su pei and SO lb fc Candies—Cheu ItjAdUDM s! SriiAii—Cni.ilu'i f CHBE*jb— I latl fi ^PlOKLKB—Engli i„ Yeast Po •or I and ( fresh Gr lol, Spei eo and Black, ai, Wax, arid bl Pi . iri KOHIjI-R'S rffihi piano MUSIC WARER00MS, Sansome Street, San Francisco, Extending from Clay to Commercial St., SECONDFLOOU. Retail Stores, ITS W';isUio.-viU.o Street, and. 279 Stockton Street. CV-AXsTAX'EX votoivin-: tiu- l.ivl LYuiudi. Kn^li^i, Cer- J nv.'.n ami Ameeierui P.! r^Ui*.*-*-., aio! sollijir;* tliom at rices i'ru- below those of auy otber Music Score 111 Cali "porcelain ware, fancy goods, and toys. ggfiPBgjg i ita, fs nd jars. ■ Merrill's, Ho for this and I Sec 5. AH pertsohs the State of CalU'onii: ter specified shall, up. the Treasurer of Sta bond or bonds of the the Hist Motion of ii flllm3 io Mill, .1 French, nl Cocoa, Broms rnllonjare. A. L. EDWARDS & CO., a 81 Way Btreet, San Franciec -it costs nothing. »vr*r " NOtj _ _ A-U -H Ho in IS, May Concern. U. B. SufcVBYOfc GpJNBEAL'a OFFICE, 1 I860. J an Act of San Francisco, Aug ice with the let see improved June Uth, rivate Land GJafros. IBY GIVE. Pi I860, regulating lluif; the Plats aims, surreved an Act entitled !i i M '■■ 'A iyyrfasiiu-.Mjj^^. i*j '.'|Air!f ll I les Secretary of State. SEO. 6. For the payment priud-pril ami hii.rosl. of tin there ih.*Ul lit: levied annua ndo State ; and tl apart and apj terest on the tion of the ii State of Calil heroin pi**.vH ami Ilic Inter shall be a rioted thii by u tine n VOLDN.F.R'S AROMATIC SCHKIDAJH SCHNAPPS. O Ann CASKS VOLDNEIl'3 CELEBli. rC9K)\)\J TED SCHNAPPS, ex Pol^nes -ind late arrivals, ^or sale by S. C. SHAW. Sole Agent, Nn. lag Front meet. VOLDNER'S SCHNAPPS,—Wbile-.be coanti -[i-: DR. AUOLPI1CS' r:v:::A::rvr,rrjAv:: v/rviv. --h AND HEALTH RESTORATIVE. -Joaquin Carrillo, et al. newspaper, p and lor one n English, at tl OontrolW, a bonds hr-niftl HtiltO tllQ Ml) pose of redon proposals, at deem tlio gre. however. In of not be offered hmftvvuda1 lifted in this otli eeks, from the l JAMES W. MANDETILLF, U. S. Surveyor Gen-ra "WHAT CHEER" HOUSE. Nos. 51.7, IIS, lift 121, ami 122 Sacramento St.—Nos. 85. 87. 89 _,__,, _. Leidsdorff street, SAN .FRANCISCO. urt H rr,:,lIr)rc!uMi[:K.Miv ■lid all other.H who winh sii[jeri( Large aiJditi.oaH have rscontly beu ,ud favorably known throoghoot th Oiiiinoilatioii ofall c1;i.nsos of patron ■ Ureat Reductions havo b«>n recent AlargeFiRF-PROOF SiicE Superior BatJiiin,' Accomniodationt n..I LUJUAKV I ms-Aa OMNIBUS, wich the name < o convey passengers and their haggs a always secure them ;u (ll(, ace of -Entertainment **. 1= and well adapted ^ t& oofaLartreREADlNCHooii u tho arrival of the Steamy KOARD, (perweetj.... (POT day) LODGING, (por v. t-cV).. Ocl-yl NO liaJTVNEKS EMPLOYED. 85,00 1.00 !, ii. & 4,00 .nstrsjTo.v: rr 1 una n-r i-kE- ■ R. H. WOODWARD. Proprietor. TURNERS' EXTKA RASPBERRY SYRUP. Manufactured fiom pure, juice of Raspberries, and ia equal One at New York: One at Buffalo, New York ; And tlie 3il at San Francisco, Cal., Built specially for our business, in the most complete R. L RAIMOND, COMMISSION MERCHANT rSo. 105 Front street, elletween Washington anil Merchant ,t,cct, I SAN li'RANOISCO, ivill give particular attention to tlio Purcliase and Shipment, as woll as lo tiro H.M.W. OP MERCHAMMSE AVO PKOm'M 11 ElWoV'I0X|D ^7i__be!??8'a?"i'l>^lnto "•■• '•'" -i * ■ '* I.V!., rni.l linvin.. bom a... TXJstiirEi el's FOREST WINE BSTTER8, T2ie (3_.*e^tcst IliriiioiSy or ilie Age FOR THE CURE OF ' dyspepsia, Liver Complaiiit, Weakness ofthe StoznacSi, TURNEU. BRO'S, Corner Front and Broadway Sts. SAN FKANCrSCO. &p28m6 ticuln in tliis Act any party General,'. tUM n. Join . 9. It sim interest on suit aal<l Interest Pa ■sufficient, then Fund ; provided ofs -i warrant a id Trc about to become d be drawn at least e of tho interest. Seo. 10. It sliall troller, wliile sail! 1 tlie same to be ref: to prevent them fr Seo. ll. The folio aro entitled to be r. First—Civil brni I log Acts pa-soi ir*. : and ii fly.one. tin- ii sand rE:\f}f,■'■'■■.'■: standln* and shall ttotautl the vegiislrati ■ requir Lott, on t :s on th iHnviii, LOTTMiiESI Wood, Sddy & Go's OLD AjYD RELIABLE Delaware & Georgia LOTTEEIES OO.HIJII.YA TWjY, and other or SLYGLE jYUMBEH plan SPLENDID SCHEMES, VriTH CAPITAL PRIZES OL* $70,000 !!! - - $50,000 !!! Aiaal numevoua others, or aaialka- denominations »*ill ba drawn at " ' Aiigtista, Ga., anii Wjlmington.Del. Uaiiaa raia aa|jaaitiLandaaaa of sworn commissioners Cvai. WEUKiaaLrAi- aiul raA*!l.!R)lAY aj* oa.-.h weak! ' 'JMse Bul;! ■»-:___ Sisjlu ILsitj-rrief;: ONE GliAKD SCllir.ril.r aaa Manlli with ^;10!) 000 0APITAL PRIZE. Tie aM»«_. Halve,, rjn.rlar,, .and EigMlaa In Tb'ie Saaisrle JVuB_.b«|. Lotteries rVreh vTorlht f Orel Bnt tl rn c on a ath va) of C Wast ill be ulifc ing ib!e rs of rnia,a onTei to giv -iie Sot aw!U 'i tories entires USt tb fe lesa ior rn and ilh l!iat Isa.nfi. "lilCtiOE sstobis 0 par* ies vb ) may ea rufct tl eir bus ne jylfi T17JIWEKS' GINGER "WINE. Due JlIalHow GsilUists, iaa Bnrrels anti Cases, Sold Annually, MARK THESE FACTS. TheTestimony cf the whole World 'E *i>§v HOLLOWAY'S OINTMENT. . H. R. BIYL.KS, Agent for Loi to < ■sel t ■approve-1 .l.inuarr thi hundred b.e 1 _ ' *-,, cially Briljudged illegal presaly Bxcluded from this Act. Third—Just or legal prior to January first, fifty-seven, nnd which uvon claims not herein deemed :. misdo'ivuioi vided iiisociion'siv \v ■voia. Sm. 12. Tho claims ?pecir,edi, ed toy taaAiag, and bonds thereft in or may be allowed an* I rvi reoeira-ble, it __ha.ii bl Khali Ke punished an pro , aud sucli bond sliall bi thia iot may l,e reoeh- ■■ may be iaaQed prior t< asaad fight bundred mu »d adcUiim.snot present inbu I C'Xrjli.ii.l.j!\ [*!■(, id such blank bonis pVe iis 4ot as sbiU.l ilir.rii i*.'.*,,; . tfae presence of the Gort hand Bhftll be ine Controllyr and Tr. ..,„ Sbo. 13, Tins Aol Khali 1. Janimry, A. 11. oue tfaouss one. as to all its provisions neeessary for its siiUn.issioi* i«S, cnnvas-ini. and jii-m-'r.i. lake eir.-c! immediately th^t^t-rrhi.S,^-;t ^,llb" «"''"ilt.-.l totho pennie tion. to he holden on the Tueslaj u^t nlVr- the " . one thousand eight hundred n ified electors of the Btate shall k? effect on the first da' a eight hundred and gjj xcept those relai in - to '■. to thepe iple snd for ret a Jiing the v-lcs, which ..\ LADD, WEBSTER & CO.'S FIRST CLASS-FIRST PREMIUM TIGHT LOCK STITCH FAMILY AND MANUFACTURING SEWING MACHINES p[1 *'-;J v* ' i. . , ■-. ..„,.»ii. Mondny i First Premiums Awarded at the State Fairs of 1858 and 1859 and at the Mechanics' Institute, San Francisco. % THURNAUER & ZIN1T ^1 impobteBs and manufacturers —0 V- aml tb- said el orasainst this Act* ~t\\r-AA.-",EE.(.,fE. l'l'"*:'*'!"v v«e or havf priul li :■ i * ",-"' ■*m*a«*1" ':r- Debt ;" iw--. ,*., .^ .,',. ..'., ■'l],f'.'-A.'"'.lf']'Af'l'''y. ' Debt." tl °° ™lota the ivordi ^*Repudiate 1 counCtedr,;J'iC ! StM rU0t ^W^tth,s Act shall :,..'■■ '°-;i'i:e;l;ui(l onnvassed iiiiil,J,:d-,r.i in v... .... E''\,l '' *:'i:,v*.n ijoct to iln- r-nnu; rules ;\- -,-.,!'■, ... AE Ol .11 th. ,„t„ »,,„ir„,„, ,,.,,;„., Uli, , »'. J™1 rof thia Act. Ui , Willow Ware. Toys, Jj Ladies' Work-Stands, Children's Carriages, Hobby Horses, &c. &e. T5-; .....roitnia a\et, rlia rr1"..'.'":,'"."'-'--"' ■■■"•■■■ • rt, :.:■::: ■ a paid and dischar-ed. -md Liie (■,,„. - r-oclamutioii thtrocf; ],,LS _r n in..:-..-,-,. ' ,- the votes so cast are an«.ln.« evE ."*-*._ Khali besoms SBC. 16, It shall be th to have this A dicial Dittrlot for three be h'ddi of t* the State Sacramento, August 4. 1860 and Clay, created shall 1 •shall make proclamation thereof; but if * jet are against this' Act, then"* •^AriSuS :'"■ v^" ' ! the S6creter7 of State «■ monlk ,,.-| aaa.a.l.aail.a ,. ,.„,... ,, ,., . Printermil"e ^ th* "^ all°"'^ ^ laV to il Se'ariel -ell rubbins eHlngs,P_trolysla nnd Stiff Joints, "i'l'l-ordfl-Ol* fioLM ' all respeclablir 1 fiiiout ihe civilize THE LOS ANGELES STAR, a*r-Wr rrararaara^.. SPEECH OF SENATOR GWIN, DKLIYEHKD •a -wi-.vi:\vy,\i\ Ms. Pbbsibbst AHD - sua year ago I ad'lte place, near the close ol i toHtests that ever occur Union. I then espi BbenI'd ever appear bef. er. 1 intended that cat ever make. 1 knev. tl man would either be io tilinStntct tjT.en&Bti h'oiii tiib tHitfiib ftervii. fed i ist 1 would .s a public .emned by o't" the qjiuiou thai iid slate of eventstcould so etniHge that veklict of ihe people in my favor, as to again require liie to appear before them pbeted tlie jiidil by the re.HuM. of tliea cli ara 1.1 ut 1 ■h„, ., lions that d i Ie , di!- ieha ofthe open negoihiliniis wif.li.h^ian, China and liussia relative to the establishment of this :■ great line of ocean steamers. I desired that each government should contribute towards giving a large subsidy to ensure the use of large ships that could transport a number of passengers aa -well as a large amount of freight. But for the reasons stated in regard to the explorations of the Amoor Hiver not having pro- greyed ho fur as to Eivv a, s-*:-"- -■*■- ry i .est mif i the lhe e people of this Htatc—of ail Confederacy 1 propose to present a brief history of the Legislation of Congress during the last seHsion, so far as I am personally concerned therein. I had been fiercely assailed, and my Senatorial com so so thoroughly scrutinized in this State before the election of last year as to have rendered it impossible for me to have escaped condemnation, had it met *wiih tne disapprobation of the people. The result of that contest and that election ivas entirely satisfactory to me, aod 1 do not intend to re-open tho issues then cloned by the popular verdict. . The opening of the last session of Congress presented the most extraordinary scene that has ever been witnessed under thia government. Tlie country was in a wild state of excitement, owing to the attempt then recently made by John Brown to excite insurrection among the slaves in Virginia. In the midst of that excitement Congress convened. Members who had been on social terms for years met each other as strangers. It seemed as if the leaders of two hostile armies wen; silting in a war council, ready at any outbreak to engage in personal combat—even in that, tiie great Council Chamber of the nation. For two mouths the House of Representatives was unorganized. Baring that entire period the Republican party endeavored to force upon the majority of tho members of the House, the election as Speaker of John Sherman—who was so justly odious for his endorsement $f Helper's treasonable work.— This delay of two months was utterly destructive to any woll matured and im'efnl legislation for the session. The Senate during that whole period was idle so far as legislation was euueerned. We could not pass a bill, for there was no orgaiii/.ecl House of Kcpresentatives to send it to. "And, fellow citizens, the Republican party in the House could have organized that body during the lirst week of thc session by the election of Mr. Pennington, who was finally chosen at the expiration of the two months*— just as easily 'as thev brought about that result, by his election when it was accomplished. So, instead of commencing legislation on the first Monday of December, we commenced on the first Monday in February. Another great clog in the wav of legislation for the new States, hss been the exliansied state oftlie National Treasury, it lias been, in fact, bankrupt, not able to meet the currentdemands occasioned by former appropriations, without creating loans or tlie issue of Treasury notes, lhave been during the three last sessions of Congress a member of the Finance and Post Office Committees of tlie Senate. The latter Committee had duties to perform during the last session of vital consequence to the people of California, as well as of tbe whole Union. 'There was not one great question alone before that Committee—to mature and pass which through Congress would have been fame enough for any member, from any State, during any one session—but there were many questions, each of vast consequence, and all of pressing necessity. 1 may- name as one of the first the Interoceania Telegraph, desiirneil lo connect the Atlantic and Pacilic Oceans." This measure had engrossed my attention for years. I had been in communication with the Rnaaiati Minister at Washington to ascertain whether the Rmisi initio vera ment, " eould and would establish a line of Telegraph through Asia to the Pacific ocean, so as to meet a similar liue through the .Territories of the United States ; to be connected by running up the Pacilic Coasts of Asia and America to Behr- ing's Straits, and thus forming instantaneous communication round the word. Tlie Rusman Covernment had responded favorably. 1 was a-surcd by the Russian Minister that steps were being taken which would complete a telegraph line dowu the Amooi our go' empt to pass it was; i on as as s ent could have a similar line built to San Fraucisco. Immediate legislation on the part of our government, therefore, became indispensable- Another measure of vital consequence was the establishment of a conipleto system of inland eonimuuieation between the Atlantic and Pacific Coasts ; also, between us and our sister State of Oregon and the Territory of Washington, by which the ocean lines from New York and New Orleans to San Fraucisco,. and from San Francisco to Puget Sound, might be dispensed with. Last, though not least, w of a line of steamships bet* and tlie month of the and Chii i thc establish meu een San Fraucisci ■Vmooi' River via Japat this latter measure T had also been in^commuoication for years with the Russian Embassy at, Washington. Russia is a living progressive nation. Like ours, her government. )ssmg"rapidly to the control ofthe great interests commercial" and political, embraced on tbe North Pacilic Coasts of America and Asia ; and wliile we can anticipate little, if any, aid from theclfete governments of -Japan and China, if we can only'enlist liussia in this great enterprise ofa line of steamships between thcAmen- ean and the Asiatic Coast ot the Pacilic, I may safely say that the object is accomplished. Years ago, I had frequently passed bills through tho Senate to establish a line of steamships between San Franciseo (and Shanghai ; but they always failed in the house. I now determined to change the Asiatic terminus ofthe route Shanghai to the mouth Df the Amour River. In my_ intercourse with ihe Russian Minister, I ascertained tiuil. the navi gallon to the mouth of the Amoor River was closed by ice for seven months in the year; but thu-t the Russian l-iovernnient had discovered at a point where tlie Amoor turned to the Nortli, that another river -ctiimected with-it, running into a lake within 80 or 40 miles of the ocean, where there was aline harbor onen to navigation at all seasons of the year; and that they were exploring this river and this lake to ascertain whether they were navigable. If it was ascertained that thev were, then Russia would connect this harbor "on the Pacific with the lake by a railroad, and tlnn; make the communication with the Amoor River perfect throughout the entire year. This exploration is now going on and will have sufficiently progressed by the commencement of the next session of Congress ■ to enable us to legislate intelligibly on the subject. I also had interviews with the Japanese 'i'lmbaM'.ulor.; wi,en tliey were in Washington, fo ascertain whether the Japanese Government would not join with the United States ami Russia in this great enterprise. While they could not speak ror their government, having no authority, vet ihey wove greatly in favor of it and expressed the belief that thc Emperor of Japan would not only facilitate such au enterprise by opening his "harbors; ior tlie use of the mail sieamships thus employed, but also by building docks for tlieir repair, and by furnishing coal at H or at farthest $6 per ton.— It was my purpose to have reported a bill Committal ibjeot until thc next session. 1 need not say to you or to a California audience, of what vital consequence it, is to the people of this State—the establishment of thia great line of steamships between San Francisco and the Amoor River, by the way of China and Japan. Upon onr intercourse with these regions of the earth hinges our greatness as a people. No country on earth, surpasses California in capacity for agricultural products. Our great market must be with the nations of Asia. We-.cannot compete with the great valley of the Mississippi in the markets of I'iurope ana of tlie Atlantic States. We must look to tlie hundreds of Millions of people who inhabit China and Japan ; .and to the hosts Russia will soon have planted in her possessions on the Amoor River, for a market for our surplus products which will give us control of thc commerce and the exchanges of Sthe world. If we now bad steamships of from three to five thousand tons burthen, nnder a government contract, leaving San Francisco semi-monthly, and conveying away 2000 or 3000 tons of our surplus bread Stuffs each trip, how soon our glutted market would be depleted so that you could obtain fair prices for as much of tliose products as are needed for home consumption. As I have stated, these four great measures, tho Interoceanic Telegraph, the Overland Mail, tho daily mail from Sacramento to Portland*, and mail enmmumeat.ion between San Francisco and Asia, were necessarily placed in my charge as a mom iter of the Committee ou Post Office and Post Roads, of the Senate. ATLANTIC AND VAe_l.h'W TELEOBAl'II. T will first speak of the Atlantic and Pacilic Telegraph measure. Tho bill was matured in Committee, and reported to the Senate ; passed that body, and after various modifications in the House of Representatives, became a law. In less than two years—probably within one—San Francisco and New York will be connected by a telegraph. OVERLAND MAILS. Next in importance, and in fact of equal importance, was our overland communication. Before proceeding lo act in Congress on this question I consulted with my colleagues in both Houses of Congress from the Pacilic coast, aud we unanimously agreed to the plan which I subsequently introduced into the Committee, and by its instructions reported to tho Senate. That plan was to have a semi- weekly letter mail on the central route to correspond in time with the existing semi-weekly Butterfield route ; to have a weekly mail from Lake Superior t.o Puget Sound, in the extreme north ; and to change the Hutterfiekl contract so as to abolish the Memphis branch, and require the contractors to establish a semi-weekly line from San Antonio fo connect with their St. Louis line without additional cost to the Government This would have, given U3 a semi-weekly mail from St. Joseph to Placerville; a similar weekly mail from St, Louis, by way of El Paso to San Francisco ; a semi-weekly mail from New Orleans to conuect therewith in Texas, via Ban Antonio ; anrl tl weakly mnil !;j- r^fie " Superior to Puget Sound. It may be proper to remark here that i.be Committee hsid so arranged with the Post Office Department, tiiat the local service from Memphis to Fort Smith should he expedited so as to give us all of the benefits tiiat we now derive from tlie Butterfield branch route between those places ; and that the regular service between San Antonio, Texas, and New Orleans should be increased in speed so as to give us a connection with the St. Louis route one day short of the departure from St. Louis—, that is to say, we would have six departures from the east, aix days in the week from St. Joseph two ; from St. Louis two ; and two from New Orleans ; tlie latter to connect with the St. Louis route— bringing intelligence one day later. But this programme necessarily dispensed with what is known as the San Antonio and Eir Diego overlaud route, and ir, therefore becomes necessary for me to give the history of that route. It was originally established as a pioneer to the great overland route. No continuous mail contract had ever been given out across the continent, and it was a disputed question whether the mails could be carried through a region inhabited for a thousand miles by hostile tribes of Indians. Hence the Postmaster General offered a large subsidy on this route to justify an enterprising contractor in making the experiment. Mr. James Birch, formerly of this State, was the contractor at a compensation of ¥1*19,000 a yearfor a semimonthly servioe, thirty days schedule time. Mr. Birch—as also the Postmaster General, then expected that he would have the contract which subsequently awarded to Bntterlield ,t Co., and in the contract for the San Antonio and San Diego route a clause was inserted providing that if any other service was afterwards established over that route it was to be discontinued. The Postmaster General therefore had the power to abolish the whole route from San Antonio to San Diego, if he should choose to establish a superior service between those points. Mr. Birch soon after lost his life—was among the victims of that dreadful tragedy " the foundering of the Central America," and subsequently the route was transferred to a contractor of the name of Giddings. But the active manager of this route, from the first, was I. C. Woods, who is well known to the people of this State, ami whose history I do not choose further" to refer to. When the great Overlaud Mail was established, the Postmaster General discontinued this route between El Paso and Fort Yuma, but gave the contractors a weekly service on the two ends, which brought up tlieir compensation to $190,000 per annum. Tliis was its condition when the Post Office appropriation bill failed atthe close of the last Congress, and the present Postmaster General assumed the management of that Department. He reduced the service on this route from weekly to semimonthly, and the compensation from $196,000 to $03,000 per annum. Subsequently-he discontinued the service trom Fort; Yuma to San Diego, and from El Paso to Camanche Springs, leaving less than four hundred miles of the route from lhat point to San Antonio, anil reducing the compensation lo i-i-.-VS.OOO per annum. It was now proposed to change tbe Port Smith and Memphis branch of tlie Ihitl.eriiebl'route from Camanche Springs to San Antonio, which would give all the mail facilities of this route to the Pacific and Atlautic coasts and to interior points, and discontinue the last remnant of this route, which would diminish the expense of service $53,- 000. But this did not suit I. C. Woods & Co, -■ They had had „for years the the most profitable mail contract iu the I'nited States. It is true the head ofthe Post Offiee Department had the power to put an end to their contract whenever ho chose, and he exercised that power. But they did not choose t.o surrender it without a struggle. Heuce.Mr. I. C.Woods prepared what is called thc Hale hill, and he and others prevailed unon that Senator to present it to t.he Senate. Senator Hale is a member of the Post Office Committee in the Senate, and had agreed to the bill whicli 1 had reported upon that Committee. The vital feature of Hales bill was a to break the Butterfield contract, giv- ' Paso to Ne friends, the The contest and his friends shonld succeed in breaking the Butterlield <*ontra.*t and give itto I C Woods V Co.; also establishing a daily Central' overland mail; or whether tim l.:ntt...;i ■' . ■'-■■ ■ -hoidd he undisturbed, and the onlv legislation be tho establishment ofa daily Centra! Overland Mail The subject was elaborate!? discussed in the Senate, but no vote was taken. Two days before the session closed, Mr. Wilson, liepublican Senator from Massachusetts, oll.ereii an amendment to the Post Route hill, proposing a daily Central overland mail and a semi-weekly mail from New Orleans to El Paso; leaving the Butterlield contract undisturbed, I at once announced my willingness to support the amendment, although I intended, if wi ever mnld have got to a vote, to move to strike out the appro- j priation of $900,000 for the roule from New Or- leans to I'll Paso as a wasteful and useless expenditure of the public money—for tho same service eould have heen obtained, in my opinion, for $">0,000; and tlio residilo was nothing but a bonus to be given, as clear gain, to I. C. Woods .fc Co- But tho opposition tO Mr. Wilson's amendment was so great that it was impossible to pass it through the Senate, and the biil appeared to be lost. But Mr. Video, fhe Chairman oftlie Senate Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads, who was most anxious for the passage of the bill, came to my residence, beforo Twas out of my bed, on tlie day before Congress adjourned, to see if some plan could not lie devised by which the conflicting views in relation to this overland mail service might be compromised, so as to enable some measure to become a law. The Postmaster General was very earnestly in favor of passing the bill, for provision was therein made that tho expense of this overlaud mail service should be charged lo the National Treasury,and not to tlie Post Office Department, for the reason that, although the mails were conveyed on these routes, still they were intended for other and important objects of the Government—as tlie settlement of the country andthe building- up, as it were, of military posts at the various stations on the routes, whicli in timo would keep the Indians in check, and save millions of dollars, which are now expended in maintaining an expensive army in that desert and at present uninhabited region. Mr. Yulec and myself agreed upon an amendment, wliich subsequently passed the Senate unanimously an a substitute" foi* Wilson's amendment Thus the Senate by a unanimous vote passed the very measure T had heen contending for for months, Mr. Hale himself voting for it, leaving the Butterlield route undisturbed. In order to secure the passago of -tho bill through the House it had been engrossed before the Senate met, and only needed after it passed the Senate,' to be acted on hy the House and to receive the signature of the'President to become a law. If the hill had become a law the Postmaster General proposed to, at once, establish a semi-weekly mail from New Orleans to connect with the Butterlield route at E! Paso, and a semi-weekly mail from St. Jo to Placerville. When the bill reached the House, it was called up by Mr. Colfax, the liepublican Chairman of the Post Office Committee. But the leader of the Republican party in the House, John Sherman, opposed it violently and rallied his friends against it, falsifying tiie contents of the bill charging that it had ninety-nine amendments, wbieh Mr. Colfax pronounced to be untrue, who stated that there was but one best to intr Sacramenk erate measv route to Oly became a la When I as tho Post Offi Senate, I wa attached to term of serv her, and for ith , it * ■duce the hill for the service irrnu to Portland, iu the House, as a sep- :*e. It passed there, extending tlie nipia; al.-o passed thc Senate, ami sunied the position of a member of .oe Committee, on my return to the is woll aware of the responsibility ition. During mv previous yard on thir loll ther plishiueut. I thoivbive thought on my return to tlie Senate thai I cuitj.i be more serviceable to iny State on the Post Offloe Committee, than the one over which I had presided during my former term. I knew that there was much work to he done on the Post Office Committee. When I took my BWt in the Senate in February, 1867, 1 unmoniced that 1 was For carrying the mails from ilu- Atlantic to tl e Pacific coast, overland,—and dispensing wilh the ocean service. When the great measure—resulting in the establishment of the Butterlield route—passed said the mails could be carried overland Mcnii- wcekly, in 25 days, wo were scoffied at. Yet we persevered, and succeeded in getting the law the Sen.it('. I iviil give a brief history ofthe mail communication between the Atlantic and Pacific coasla. When tliis State was admitted into the Union, we had but a monthly mail. Soon thereafter, in March. 1851,1 succeeded in having it brought up to semi-monthly service, Tins was the only mail communication between tho Atlantic and Pacific coasts, up to 1857. Then, this experiment of a semi-monthly horse mail was lirst made from San Antonio to Sau Diego—and it had no doubt but this service would he super- i-eded try a more elfieien! ono by direct legisla tion, and as the contractors on thu Bt-Josepl and Salt Lake route had surplus *fock to keep up tlie scrvico from Salt Lake to Placerville temporarily, it. would lead to no delay In Harrying the increased service that might be ordereil by Congress Ihto immediate operation. They have heen cany ing the mails under Ihis contract siuce tho 1st of June, at the rate of 139 060 pet annum, making the aggregato SOI li e laattoE from St. Joseph to Placerville, rince the 1st of June, $158,0011, instead of $205,UUD paid previous to that time. My object in addressing you now is, to huve this service performed weekly as originally con traded for, at a pro rata increase on the presenl compensation, which would amount to 1816,000 annum, iustead of $;V20,OIJO the original tract pr lu addition to Ihe dafement made nthly service ig tlie entire hat the great the recent etta il n ■■ from the crossing of th City, makes it absohiU weekly service nn (hi route; and thai iHthln of miners have emigra' region through whirl the only mail sen io« ;i it the duty of the gove service on the Place Joseph cud of the route. But my object is not to have simply a weekly service with the present schedule of 88 days time. Theso contractors have at their own expense established the Pony Express on ihis line, whieh but for the Indian dil'i alii. * vv aid now l.e i* successful operation. The interruption OSnssd by these disturbances has resulted in heavy ioa. e iu tbo Senate-■■-wit lion I. a colleague. When 1113 own Kirtn expired, tho legislature was Ibr n month engaged in balloting to eloct my succes- uiid also adjourned leaving the post vacant; mid Col. Weller was left alone in the Senate— without a colleague—for nearly two years. l*\r*. myself, I confess I am getting tired of these contests, and of the floods of vituperation that are heaped npon me just about theiime my term in ihe Senate is to expire. Liko the man Who -.vhen he ate the crow, said he could eat crew, but had no hankering for it—1 can stand ':;■* M^auils, but i have n**. EnEvEv.: for them, And,if the Democratic party of California will only ,ast the electoral vote of Ihis State for Breckinridge and Lane in lhe approaching con- lei-mhc host of aspirants for my seal may struggle for ihe pri/.e without auy etlbrt on niy part. If the representatives oftlie people choose to elect me, I am content. If they ohooHe to elect another, I »1U eqoally content. And, 1 am equally content oven if the electoral vote of California should g" against. Ilreekinriilge and Lane, although that is an impossibility,for the Democ- racytil'this State have always moved true to that great and glorious party whicli ISreckiiiridge and Lane represent, and ihey will not fail in their duty now. A.MBKDMBNT TO nn: EtOMKSTSAD BtLL. Th.:**: are main . '. ■■'■■.' ■' '■■ 'i . ■ !f**,v * itizens. dial ivere aete.i ■■-. ■■" ■ ; ':-- , '["'■]''-' llu: ii,sl session of Congress, which 1 shall not now refer to at large. Among others, T have seen entuu/.cd an amendment proposed hy me to the Homestead Bill—giving to the citizens of this State the n*r]]t j,, |.,-v ■ ii! 1 w u k tb." mini-rill lands ol ■sua-sn- mod war i granted in the '. I have no com as to whether the Stale ean have nrfaria ™™ ertv condemned for >■■: V*.* ,,",.' ■ -' ■' ,\"E f''1'' lcr"il U, th, I Mi, -.. Yfl.";,,.'/,:"i t.anv he decided V, :■.■■■..;.*;. i ... (* . j \"' -M own J ad rsia- . . * hrll,, |i. -to i- ..','," power, I have-no doubt whatever that Congress possesses the right to pass snch a law. At Icnsl we should inuke the experinKiiu. If the judicial tribunals of tho country determine that we have no such power, we are left at tlie mercy of the owner, ol private property, who nnu" exforl lrom us auy sum they see lit l0 ■v^i whenever it ■•: .'..cess-ov lo.* ,*.a.: ( overmuch ov o*" . '■■■:-' -v property tor public improvements. I'ACIIC lii.Il.KOAl). There is another subject which I will refer to briefly, ami it is a very familiar one to the peoi B ■ 1 thi- State—that is, the Pacilic Railroad. On lbe first day of the last session I iyive nutlet- fhtA I would introduce tlio Pacific ';' ''.,:-" !r ■| ' 'V!l ;*ad been reported fo the I''**' ■ / '" .'■ '■-'-■■: Selecl Couiinitl.ee, '' -"V '■■■ ';■'. 'I ■ > ■'lU'oj-a, of whiri) I ::-■ - Wiaiiiiiiiii. lu.. .ur — .l was during Hk: last sch- r-.ionot \\v\\, i.(Ingres i.o, aside red for weeks in the Senate, tlie hill elaborately discussed and a:iie;ole..i -d siindly destroved hy protended friends who olleted a substitute, which, although it passed that body, was not onlv never con-nd- ered in the House, but from that dav to this never called up m other branch of Congress, f introduced Urn bill in accordance with the notice. It was the lust oim ho calendar, and has been the lirst from tbe lirst week of the session to the last 'hiy ol ns i.*mvi-iii.*.i. ] triC(| time and again to call it up. I fought against r-peoial orders, which took precedence of the calendar, in order that wu might proceed to the business in order thereon, but laded in every suoli ctlbri. Twenty-live Ibj.iitilu.io Sen ilon ■ ■' i tb •*- a*'-'.-, 'lc'vimr ■:'■■•'■ * *.-.in i , c I Mi-, l.ili . .■ isidered - ■•*' ■■■ '■■■ .. I fin-,-,' usil '■oi-.'-- i1 ...:.'.; Mr. -'wurd, whon re both ■ ■ 'he Sub i i .■: imittee wl framed lhe lull, yet tliey never made a uioventftii in lav or ol this great measure.or gave me any assistance in hniiRtnft il h.rwurd, althounh it w&aknowo to ■ry the letter ly-live davs. n. This will kly by the Salt Lake route r*ear. That, too, has proved ay 11 was found impracticable Indians on the route, and When I took my seat in had twenty-four mails a j tic ami Pacilic coasts, ei sently enumerate what \ fore 1 do so, Twill allude lished in the oppositi: " quarrel with the i'res: THE QUAK11EL W1T1 This" quarrel" origin; provisiL_ ing one-half of it—that fro: Orleans—to I.C. Wood A Co.. and allowing Butterfield & Oo. to retain fhe other lialf—that from El Paso to San Francisco. In the event of liut- terfieldA. Co.'s refusal to continue to carry the mails on the portion allotted them, the the whole route was to be given to I. C. Woods & Co. To make this bill popular, it provided for a daily Overland Mail. As soou as Mr. Hale introduced this bill, 1 prepared aud introduced into the Senate a bill for adai.lv Central Overland Mail and a weekly mail from Lake Superior to Ptiget Sound, leaving untouched the .Unt- terlield contract and the residue of the San Amtonio and San Diego route. The point of contest was the question of the distinction o the Butterlield contract. I resisted it, as did all the delegation from the Pacilic coast. But, in order that the service on the Central route should not. sutler. 1 induced ihe Post. Ollice Committee to agree to report a bill bringing up the service on that route, making it semi- weeklv, schedule time, twenty days. Mr. Hale himself agreed to this, but when I called it up in the Senate, Mr. Rice of Minnesota objected to providing for that route and excluding the route through liis bi.ate. from Lake Superior to ■ret Sound; and asi saw I could not press it cide, that of this great, daily overland mail aer- se]f. Uj vice, and that a single vote would decide it; at the same time denouncing the course qf Mr. Sherman as " filibustering" to defeat the measure. Notwithstanding this, Mr. Sherman persevered. It required a two-thirds vote to suspend the rul&3 to get the bill beforo the House. Through liis influence and that of Horace P. Clark, the son-in-law of Vanderbilt, a suspension of the rules was defeated by a few votes; and thus the bill passed over tothe next session of Congress. Yes, fellow citizens, the daily overland mail bill was defeated; not by me, as has been charged in thc Opposition press of this State, but by John Sherman, the leader of the Republican party in the House of Representatives, the samo man whose unholy ambition had prevented the organization of that body for two months and thus in a. measure destroyed all useful legislation during thc last session, and yet not a word of censure haa been applied to him by the Opposition press of this State. The man who defeated this great measure passes without censure; while I, who steadily .advocated it and succeeded in passing it through the Senate am denounced as a traitor and an enemy to the measure. The only pretext or excuse that Mr. Sherman had to give for hia conduct was that there was not time* to consider the bill. What was there to consider? The ninety-nine amendments, if there had been as many, but Mr. Colfax pronounced tho statement to be false when Mr. Sherman made it, were mainly the addition iu the Senate of post routes, to which no member of any party ever objected. The single question of consequence to be decided was, " SlIALT, TIIE MAILS BK L'AKRUCn DAILY OVBB THE gkeat oentbai. rout£ f" and that question Mr. Sherman defeated. There waa plenty of time to have taken the vote on it. As Mr. Colfax charged, Mr. Sherman "filibustered" to defeat the bill, and he succeeded. Not time to pass iti Why, fellow citizens,! have seen appropriation hills amounting to over $40,000,000 pass through the Seuate and receive tho signature ofthe President between four o'clock in the morning of the 4th of March and 12 o'clock on that day. I will name the time and tho Bession. It was the 4th of March, 1851. A fierce contest sprung np in the Senate ou the River and Harbor Bill. Mr. Clay, that great parliamentary leader, was in favor of passing the bill as it came from the House. A majority of the Senate sustained bim, and itwas known that the President—Mr. Filmore—would sign the bill. The minority resorted to parliamentary tactics to defeat the passage of the measure. The contest was long and arduous, consuming nearly the whole of two days, and it seemed inevitable that thc session would close without the passage of any of the appropriation bills. But tlie bodily vigor of Mr. Clay was not equal to his indomitable will, and he was forced late at night on the last day of the session fo surrender his leadership. In a few hours thereafter, the majority surrendered, dropped the River and Harbor bill, took up the appropriation bills and passed them as I have stated- There was then time enough to __._._ appropriation bills exceeding stO.HOii.iiiio through the two Houses of Congress, and they were signed by the President. Yet, John Sherman eavs there was not time enough to pass throughl.be House a bill already enrolled and ready for the signature of the President; one that had passed the Senate unanimously; that the Executive was in favor of; that a vast majority of the House were in favor of, and which could have passed that body by simply calling the ayes and nays twice; once on a suspension ofthe rules, and a second time ou thc previous question to put the measure on its passage. Now, fellow citizen;;, if it wns treason to defeat the passage of a bill establishing a daily overlaud mail on the Central route, which is the traitor? I,who passed it through the Senate, or John Sherman, who elefceited it in the House? Yet I am denounced by the opposition press throughout this State as the " Daily Overlaud Mail Killer," while John Sherman has not a shadow of censure east upon him—he who really killed it, if it is killed at all, aud I say it is not. It is postponed until the next session, when the House by a large majority, will take up this same bill and pass it. It then will only want the signature ofthe President to become the law of the land. I will not dilate on this question. You all uu- derstandit. Thc people ofCalifornia are not deceived by an unjust denunciatlWi of one public man, ranrt an 'unmerited praise of another. My own course was chalked out from the commencement to the close of the session, and I never veered from it. It was to bring up the Central route to a semi-weekly service, and ultimately to make it a great daily route, over which the entire mail of the United States should be conveyed instead of by ocean steamers. I was not certain of success in a session, or iu a year. But I intended to persevere eo long as I remained in the Senate, unless success sooner crowned my efforts. I reported the bill from the Post Office Committee ofthe Senate for a semi-weekly mail. Tlie moun-nf Mr. Hub1 introduced his bill, for n ii iiy route m c ndition that the Kutterticld contra'* t shouSi I-*.' d-v iv.-ed, Iaccepted the daily O.mtra! route provision,but- opposed the abrogation of the liu item eld route, and the giving of the route, from New Orleans to HI Paso, to I. C. Woods & Co. omitted to state' that the daily line apidly on this is weekly lette ill remove the? that dent and myself; nor, 1 may say, as regards this Overlaud Mail service, between the Postmaster ■General and myself. They wanted the expense of this service to be paid om of the National Treasury jn stead of being charged to the Post Office Department. So did I. They wanted these great lines of intercommunication to be established by law, and not Ihe entire responsibility thrown on the Postmaster General. So did I. All the useful mail contracts we have had, have been those established try law. Our first mail communication was a legislative contract for aroute from New York and New Orleaus to Astoria, which for ten years we received the benefit of. Our next great mail route was established by law—the Butterfield route. Onr last great mail route—daily from Sacramonto to Olympia—the longest four-horse post coach route in the world, was established by a legislative contract and will be in successful operation on the 15th of September. I wanted the great Central route, over which all the mai's must ultimately be carried, to also be a legislative contract that could not .be set aside at the will and pleasure of a Postmaster General, or even by the subsequent action of Congress itself. Up to the adjournment, of Congress there was, as I have said before, no di here nee of cp ini on between the President, or the Postmaster General and myself on the subject of the Overland Mail service. That Congress should establish the routes and authorize the expenses to be paid out of the National Treasury, leaving the Postmaster Genera; to execute the law—was our mutual desire. After Congress adjourned, I proposed tothe President, as"no jirovisinn !■ nl been niailr-v'm* liie conveyance of our printed matter—thanks to John Sherman, the leader of the Republicans of the House—that he should at once bring up thc ser on the Central route to tri-weekly, or dailj to carry the entire newspaper mail over that line. Here we dnl'ered. He thought it impracticable. I did not. He thought the risk too sat, which if the experiment tailed would leave .__ without any mail for our printed matter. He therefore sought the contract with thc ocean line, which was subsequently consummated. This is the whole " quarrel'' between the President and myself. Tt was a simple difference of opinion. The President, no doubt, honestly bolives that if he had ordered thc mails to be brought overland on the Central route, the experiment would have been a failure. I as honestly believe it would have been a success. It was ascertained that the weight of the printed matter amounted to forty or fifty thousand pounds a month. It is a grave question whether that amount of mail matter can be carried across the continent on the Central route, throughout the entire year, and the President is excusable Ear entertaining adoubt on the ■■ '. in h 1 incomplete legislation of C' perfected early in the next session, will within a year make this thu great high way for the mails to and from the I'acilic Coast. With great reaped. con:* oheaieni servant, Wm. M. Gwin. The President has decided upon this proposition, and favorably; and we now have a weekly letter mail on the Salt Lake route, with the same schedule time as on the Butterfield line, besides a scini-wieklv Pony Express line. of the Ui tion nlhePo . and omparc it as it was then with what it now is. Then we had two mails a month by the ocean liue—twenty-four a year, each way, and no overland route. iVcio we have three a month— :i6 a year—by the ocean line, each way. We have 104 mails a year each way, by the Butterlield route. We have 52 mails a year by tho Salt Lake route. We have in addition 104 arrivals and departures a year by the Pony Express on tho same route; and finally we have 24 mails a year each way, from New Orleans, connecting with the Butterfield route at Camanche Springs by the way of San Antonio. By mai thi little hopes of ■ I ■ ■* 1,1*01 -!.- bXflCBUTfl lia.l initiated the pri" ' idin th it resulted junction ; and as ll:"_ i:i.t:vr ^ ■ courts I considered if doubfful WhettoOT the President would interfere. Bnt I thought it wai. :*. ,; ovvrmi-; pieeeiieof : .1 dilkovu vvHi ;he learned Attorney General ofthe [JiiitedStat.es who is of the opinion that it will not be cited as i ; ', -i for Himilat proceedings agaiust the , ',, [,-. 0f ihe "old regions of this State. 1 ■ ... u i.ivdiy MSB one Secretary of the In- i v n* recommend collecting a lax.hy way ol Sfigiiiiratze, from the miners of this State ; and another Secretary of the [nterfor urging the sale of the minora! lauds, so tiiat they might bring ■:',,'■' i. it prioe—the proceeds to be placed io the Treasury of the llnited States, and some jer.retari maj in time to come, look to thiB iu'iunetion in tiie New Ahnaien case as a l.'i'-ililieal.ion for instituting proceedings against the occupants of the gold mines of this State. 1 differ from the Attorney General m another point in this case. .1 do not believe that the new Almjulen claim is fraudulent, or based upon a fraudulent title. I have known the attorneys in that case for many years, as (lie Stale. Willi one of Ihein 1 Mm Convention which framed the Constitul State ; and we had au horn thei al 1 l vii'v: i:.;.:;,l!; ;,. ,,!' ■■■'. -- ro,*' i . a fiamiuieul ci.iim ; and i]io rviui eou'd not piir-nibsy br' fraudulent wilhout their knowing it- I do uot believe auy injunction ever shonld have been granted, unless a Receiver had been appointed. It has injured the commerce of the State, and deprived our oitizenaOfan Important article used in mining, which deprivation would have worked ' serious detriment, but For the opportune discovery of other qiiicloih v loim - discoveries which could not lvve tin: :iv ,;! a'1 ': ai, i.be time the nya icntt unplish this in part. to declare by Act OJ QoogTOBB that the miners m ihis Slate—whet er engaged in mining gold, silver or utiiek-ih Stales, were not i to pursue their oc .upation there. PCROH SE OF LIMB I'OINT. subject about which I have liled for years past. They face niy return to the Stale. I 2',iij departures au In a great numln i'ederaey Sunday eclion to the Senate, is contradicte d this ut it to rest forever, of the purchase (Jf y other State of this Union 1 would have •eeted on my return to my constituents , not only in thc & I wa state ■■in i ..il two route or three roads; anyttiiug, m fact, that would ensure a railway or railways between the Atlantic and tbe I'aoitlc. Yet. 1 wns uottustained in every eflbrt I mado to bring the subject up for consideration, by even a respectable minority ef the Senate. The liepublican party had tlie organisation ia the lluiisc. A member of that party moved for a Select Committee ami obtained it. A majority of liis party were placed on that Committee, whicli, arter great delay, reported a bill. It Inul strength enough to obtain a two-thirds voto lo make it a special order. Wheu il came up for consideration, a member ot that Select Committee—Henry Winter Davis of Maryland, who passes for a Know Nothing, hut was good enough Republican to vote lor IViiuington ior Speaker of the House—opposed Ihe bill and virtually destroyed it. It was recommitted to the Select Committee and brought buck again in an altered loini. 7Vi.:ii,lhe Chairman ol that Select Committee—a leading Republican of lho House—moved to postpone its consideration Lo the next se-n.m Of OoBgroM. Yel •,;.■■ br*. ■,"* ". c. i rr-, :.j ihis Stale altuck the Democratic party for their hostility to tins mo_uror»! Mita-.L- tha numbbn of tbat'party for want, of zeal in its favor, when tlieir own party men, as thus proven by the record, have been Nfit agreeing upon the details of a hill when reported to the liouse. they destroyed Iheir own ivurk and linnlly posfp■■«<.'[( the. wh'oh: i-nlErrt n, the next session. Hut, fellow eitl/.eus, while wo havo not yet passed a I'acilic Railroad bill, wc are tending inevitably to that result. Wliile tho delay has been of great injury to the people of this Slate, It has not as yet proved fatal. Within tbe last three years we have demonstrated that this great continent presents no iusuperabte difficulties to the building of a railroad. Our mails are now being conveyed from tho Atluntie, .to the I'aciho hy four-liorso couches — traversing hundreds of miles apart orer different routes along which the railroad or railroads must Be built, if built at all. Wo are building up settlements; wc are making this railroad a still t-.reai.er necessity; ami in time, Congress will he forced to'-utile tlieir difficulties iu regard to the question of route and lo tlmiliy act favorably upon the measure. I think this will be before the present Congress closes. I have an abiding conviction that before the next Ith of March a railroad bill will puns Congress. In order to accomplish Itial great object T I'r.i no! chouse to .:v:va1i;'v um: reenimiiiiic an to who is most responsible lor the J "-day up to this time, because alter the I'residential election I hope that all parties aud the members of all parlies will agree upon some plan which wili secure the binl,ij::r** of ibis worl', *-.*■ naivi-eiir'aele to our safety and our greatness as a nation. mstus nivioiMi niK okmochacv. I have not, fellow citizens, lime to go into a detail of other questions that wi-v acted upon ,lnn:i" the last Congress. You will perceive that I hav* not, up to this time, diseased the -pies- lions wlncii itre now in contest between lhe dil- i*,,.,,,,-*; narties in this Slate, and especially beings of the Democratic parly. 1 of ll.e purchase more than three years ago, at tlie least possible sum for whieh the site could he obtained, the immediate • commencement of the fortifications to he erected there, and their speedy completion, il If the Secretary of War had then purchased this tract of laud at the price of $-200,1)110 and commenced on the first of July, 1857, with the balance [$100,000] of the appropriation, to erect the fortifications, by this time not less than half a million of dollars would have been appropriated by Congress and expended or being expended in that work. The delay in my judgment, has been of great injury to the State. It may be of yital injury, for we kuow not when war will come and if it does with any great maritime power, and these v,,-ii.i,*a!:.i;i.: not Imih, we are at the mercy of the Heels of the enemy- But the people of California seem to acquiesce in the postponement ofthe purchase, l am voaeio. A'ltiiouadi 1 acquiesced iu ihe ap- iii*ii'r;;ioii made by mv coSicaioies li'.irmg lie* ;a-i 1 _-__ . ., ,. . r Wl., ,. 1,1 .....m.Wl* I Ins mot propose to do so at large, now, and pit- ips nut, during this canvass. I have done itpie- of Wa anip ,*;e :i;v is, yel I days time the Pony I had Expr been informed by the prising owners of that Express, that to the interruptions occasioned by the disturbances they could not keep it up; tl loss was too great for them to do so, unle were aided by the Covernment. 1 could i other aid that the t iovernuient could givE except by increasing tlieir compeusati carrying the mail from St. Jo. to Plaet and I accordingly addressed the Preside Slowing letter: Va . Jul To his Excellency the President of the United States: Slit :—On the lid instant, 1 addressed you a communication on lhe sublet of coin eying The entire United States Mail daily to and lrom the Pacilic Coast by the Canitta! Route. Having li elined to entertain this proposition. I feel called , upon by sense of duty to- my constituents to make one further effort to improve the service on this route. As originally established thc j and oiher sites needed for pu I' *"' i -mm.--, 1 introduced a bill in the Senate authorizing tlie condemnation of private property iwojo '*" publio nsea bv the United States. It had oceu I . iared th session previous with great cave ' ' r. ... .n nullity in the Judiciary Committee ol ihe --iniie and' rcnorted unanimously by that Committee I introduced thissauie bill, had it referrafl to the same Committee, and it was iiiun diately reported back, passed to its Ihud :■ vir** :;-fu a ■ftenssion sprung up in regard ;, liv rorirautiil ional power of Congress to enact .aichalaw-whieli prevented il- passage al he lime. On the lasl day of the session I moved to . ,i., ;t i _.,__,_, ;i -nri-iori Senator Wilson ot Mails ■ph.to Placerville, (1 at an aggregate e ie present Postmas in thirty-eight days, nsation of *;i'2(!,(H!0. eneral reduced this trips, and $205,000. T end of thero this reduction of his eoiiipcu-cuinu, he became hopelessly involved, and Baoi atrfl waa forfeited and re-let. The lowest bidder was Major Ormsby who lost his life'recently in the Indian difficulties in the Washoe country. This was a star bid oi'^.'U.OOO. Upon coosiilva'.ior. wiih. my colleagues as to Major Ormsby's ability to execute his contract, it was determined to urge the contractors on thc route from St. Joseph to Bait Lake to agree to perform this service temporarily fur that Bum. 1 am true to the party to which (longed. Ami, as long as I stand i shall wave here. I may be and its banner will still wave ; ies of the Democracy think that ui, one of the main pillars of the tter reason for these attacks. Senate will MOD expire. It is ubi against any man; eombhutlOUl to 0 BrOJ ^v; Democratic party, of which I anl a to im ier,Bno —from thc. Important official position I hold- considered an important member; and combinations to render my re-election to ihe Senate impossible. These contests for scats in the Senate of the United Si ales e.numenced from the day tiiat tbia State was admitted into the Union. On the expiration of each Senatorial term, such a hoatoi aspirants contend fertile pri/.e. lb.it u irer-uemly cannot be filled. When Colonel Fremont's term expired, there were 110-odd ballots had for his td the Legislature tinally adjourned, ft, when Senator Wilson *.' v-.iei-t'i ■..■it-, ''interposed objections — oonse- , pa wed over to the next session, l ; i r ■*, ,, , ;,*-*,, and have no doubt of m ;,.'i«;il'.* through the Senate-and, as I hope, through the the House. . , , . _, V*,\* appropriated He'Uino during the hM - - Bion for fSghl houses in ihis State 'Ihere li.s been going on for years a oonteErfibetween m ollieersof the Government and lim owneis oi light house sites, which has resulted in post pooiM the erection of light houses at bo mc; ol ihe most important points ol the coast in owners of lhe required sites have asked wlui tn. ,.Ci*er.iof lho Government have considered e\ orhilant prices-prices which hey would "J imv-un.l lhe ap iroprialions that have been ■ oude have lap.edbaek into lhe l.va*ury- At i rougross had this year, given us the atge a - ' proprlatlonforlighi bonsesln I n» s a e,« 1 ij 'Sh.ive mentioned, I applied in the Uight »i c board al Washingl-m to issue induction;ho United States District Attorney here o ' .oidcr „ur Stale enactment to have the si es a (] |in. ,i„lil |iol„,-s coo- ■inn ■w j ,ry. hi order that the money.might be expend within thia ,. aaaia- nl lac i.a'.i " y a , , ,, of tba country, ol* taini! iiitfriralafl n Ilic 1* K« a.-ara*. iV*»,,r.a.l.r.iv*.«"' tor public Improvements, ita Dat • * . ta,.,' lias nli'ira.ly in»tiluUu unci P™fJ* J , * __.de. instructions lrom the U8M ilrai.-c Board. There arc wrlotr. donbte, '''Aft io'usly; my opinions liave been known over since. ' theae nuestions arose. 1 took my noaili.ai ao soon a» I read Mr. Douglaif frac- „,,, focccli. I ilcnoniiciril Ilic iiniici. Ies Hint lie there lor thc lint time, to my knowledge, avowed. I hare continued to denounce Ihem erer since, on all nro(ier oeeasioua. 1 i'j'aaata them la the notice or' my associates iu ■ '..'. V.'" ■. -1 ilia meatier al lha -asaiaii ol ' aii- ', ' |*a avjna |)ia delivery at Ilial sjie.a!). 'ai,. a ..a.'; ...s (oniaineil in it. were condemned ■ a ' paieeetaitia Senators ill Congress, uud a' . ■■.',, . , „.,. ■ ivcil aV 11 Mlla Ol thaaO .'*',' * * t ., r . ..,;,.. „| Chairman of lho '- iio'li a ,.u*'*e-n:,!iies lieciiuse al* the enau aia'Lii' of those doetrii.es. Snl.sciiiently an e" ting discussion tool plMe in «" g? ,V tehicen Judge Douglas and other beir I.,... : aaseaaakal iu that discussion. I i a ,,li a, ,f his I'reqiort.peerh 1 I i i i mill Mnate as wel a. Judge EE- Himself, look is.ueiwi h ,. Tkegmnllel was thrown down lo ur in Sla.v diirint' I'"' I"-1 "•'"]- .'*.-> ni,,, I met the issue e.erywbcre , 1 »- eussei] tlie oiieslion at large ; and was one ol the T S ZEEAEES tA£"Z hf^AEtEE^lTL^ „„ i'i isniailclhaoeansiimVliiiigelluetr- !,:' v va,.,* ■..■•.■..;■■,;;;:;■,■■, EZAEflEAEEEr^lSZ i-vrai-ir-^iv-^v:!,-.;:*::;^::::;::*.-.^ ' -'■■:-■■> ■■■,-.,..,., ■„ uie .1- u--i.il -■ .'.-v,..,i, ,;!',,".,, ■in ,lid nol believe in Ins ;: I,,,,,pledge that i ilie views I ■ (Douglas') doctrine of A ■ F.:... ' i,„ a Te.rritf non-action and lie><uU S.b^v,l;:;;**a^-^l EEEEEff 'AA:E:fm '" a*arlaa,aal . ..,,;,..„ imlivielu.il ell-a- himself. Now, d" I.'" ■;.. *';..;. *.**.„. [twill main ra ear -"p ■■'• .;* -';;;., .„ ,;„ , ,i. ,,;. „„,, and in.nn'l'.;::'""-1. ■!'.,!,,, u.rownlir.-nd- ole „l Califori.ua llii.i »*.' * ,,„, „,!,„,. Hie *" '■ '■■yrEA^ =!;:,' :*i'*' ' '
|Title||Los Angeles Star, [August 29 ?, 1860], supplement|
|Type of Title||newspaper|
|Description||Supplement for the English weekly newspaper, Los Angeles Star includes headings: [p.1]: [col.1] "Speech of Senator Gwin delivered at Stockton on Wednesday, August 29th, 1860", [p.2]: [col.1] "National Democratic platform, adopted at Baltimore, July 23rd, 1860", [col.2] "Speech of the Hon. Calhoun Benham, delivered at stockton, Wednesday, August 29th, 1860", [col.6] "The Overland mail route, proceedings in the United States Senate".|
|Subject (lcsh)||Los Angeles(Calif.) -- Newspapers|
|Geographic Subject (City or Populated Place)||Los Angeles|
|Geographic Subject (County)||Los Angeles|
|Geographic Subject (State)||California|
|Geographic Subject (Country)||USA|
|Coverage date||circa 1860-08-26/1860-09-07|
|Publisher (of the Original Version)||Hamilton, H.|
|Publisher (of the Digital Version)||University of Southern California. Libraries|
|Date created||circa 1860-08-29|
|Format (Extent)|| p.|
|Contributing entity||The Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery|
|Identifying Number||issue: Los Angeles Star, supplement, September 1, 1860|
|Legacy Record ID||lastar-m356|
|Part of Collection||Los Angeles Star Collection, 1851-1864|
|Rights||Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery|
|Access Conditions||University of Southern California owns digital rights only. For personal, educational or research use contact: Special Collections, Doheny Memorial Library, Libraries, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0189; email@example.com; phone (213) 821-2366; fax (213) 740-2343. Contact rights owner at repository e-mail (or phone (626) 405-2178 or fax (626) 449-5720) for access to physical images. For permission to publish or republish material in any form -- print or electronic -- contact the Rights owner.|
|Repository Name||Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery|
|Repository Address||1511 Oxford Road, San Marino, CA 91108|
|Contributing entity||The Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery|
Lieut. Dekby.—"John Phoenix'' baB got tobe i
captain. Among the promotion* made by tbe Pre
sident, since the adjournment qJ the Senate, wi
find thefollowing: ■■ Flint Lieutenant George H
Derby, to be Captain, 1st Jaly, I860, be bavin*.
served fourteen yaara Oontinuoaa service* as Lien
Copper ore has .been discovered near Whisky
Diggings, in Sierra counly.
ROVIDE FOB PAVING CF,J1-
pro'viHl Ajrni .i.i. ■-■
The I'oopto of Liu-.S
B l-'iHiik'n I'i.i.il. lor that purpose ; ap
ite of California, represented In Sen
ate aud As
embly, do enact as follows *
Section* 1. For the
purpose oi liquidating, funding am
Ifaying the olruiiiH it
fttnst tlo; State ol i..;i! Vrrruiri. here
inj.1 l.i'.v .specified, t!u
rreaflur'w of State shall cause ^ in
prepared suitable bo
ids of the State of Califomig nol
■exceed tlie sum of I
Interest at thu rate
the date of tlmir i-n.
'*. ;VV;r v.* tllS Office ni' ! ir.. r-v V
st day of -July, ono thounand eiglit
A. L. EDWARDS & CO.,
Ni™ stock Ab oh-Siob
At 81 Clay Street,
Above Front Qgfa Franciaco.
A L. EBWABDS & AO. bave art opened a fine
il.. assortment ol (Jhuice Family Groceries, winch they offer at tbe lowest rates.
Floub—Superior brands of domestic.
Corn MEAL—Freeh, in 10,25, and 50-lb. saefes.
ikjiJKivm*:.vi."Mi.!Af,—ll*j:ui;iv, coarse mul liue ; Com
CotTHK—Old Government and Green Java, aud
hundred and eighty
BlwU be duo ami payable at t
State affixed thereto.
Sm;. :}. Coupons, Cor tlie interest, i
eacb bond sp that they may be remov
mutilation to tlio bond. Said oou]
nambared, shall be Big ued in* the Trea
Sue. 3. It shall b« thu duly of tbo
trolU'r of stato, each, to keep a eep
Audi bonds n- mav be l.-rviv.l. '.-inm-in
and SO lb fc
f CHBE*jb— I latl fi
i„ Yeast Po
•or I and (
eo and Black,
ai, Wax, arid bl
Sansome Street, San Francisco,
Extending from Clay to Commercial St.,
Retail Stores, ITS W';isUio.-viU.o Street, and. 279
CV-AXsTAX'EX votoivin-: tiu- l.ivl LYuiudi. Kn^li^i, Cer-
J nv.'.n ami Ameeierui P.! r^Ui*.*-*-., aio! sollijir;* tliom at
rices i'ru- below those of auy otber Music Score 111 Cali
fancy goods, and toys.
fs nd jars.
■ Merrill's, Ho
Sec 5. AH pertsohs
the State of CalU'onii:
ter specified shall, up.
the Treasurer of Sta
bond or bonds of the
the Hist Motion of ii
nl Cocoa, Broms
A. L. EDWARDS & CO.,
a 81 Way Btreet, San Franciec
-it costs nothing.
_ _ A-U -H Ho in IS,
U. B. SufcVBYOfc GpJNBEAL'a OFFICE, 1
an Act of
San Francisco, Aug
ice with the let see
improved June Uth,
rivate Land GJafros.
lluif; the Plats
an Act entitled
!i i M
i*j '.'|Air!f ll
Secretary of State.
SEO. 6. For the payment
priud-pril ami hii.rosl. of tin
there ih.*Ul lit: levied annua
State ; and tl
apart and apj
terest on the
tion of the ii
State of Calil
ami Ilic Inter
shall be a
by u tine n
O Ann CASKS VOLDNEIl'3 CELEBli.
rC9K)\)\J TED SCHNAPPS, ex Pol^nes
-ind late arrivals, ^or sale by
S. C. SHAW. Sole Agent,
Nn. lag Front meet.
VOLDNER'S SCHNAPPS,—Wbile-.be coanti
r:v:::A::rvr,rrjAv:: v/rviv. --h
AND HEALTH RESTORATIVE.
-Joaquin Carrillo, et al.
and lor one n
English, at tl
HtiltO tllQ Ml)
pose of redon
deem tlio gre.
however. In of
not be offered
lifted in this otli
eeks, from the l
JAMES W. MANDETILLF,
U. S. Surveyor Gen-ra
"WHAT CHEER" HOUSE.
Nos. 51.7, IIS, lift 121, ami 122 Sacramento St.—Nos. 85. 87. 89 _,__,, _.
Leidsdorff street, SAN .FRANCISCO. urt H
■lid all other.H who winh sii[jeri(
Large aiJditi.oaH have rscontly beu
,ud favorably known throoghoot th
Oiiiinoilatioii ofall c1;i.nsos of patron ■
Ureat Reductions havo b«>n recent
Superior BatJiiin,' Accomniodationt
n..I LUJUAKV I
ms-Aa OMNIBUS, wich the name <
o convey passengers and their haggs
a always secure them ;u (ll(,
ace of -Entertainment **.
1= and well adapted ^ t&
u tho arrival of the Steamy
LODGING, (por v. t-cV)..
NO liaJTVNEKS EMPLOYED.
!, ii. & 4,00
.nstrsjTo.v: rr 1 una n-r i-kE-
■ R. H. WOODWARD. Proprietor.
EXTKA RASPBERRY SYRUP.
Manufactured fiom pure, juice of Raspberries, and ia equal
One at New York:
One at Buffalo, New York ;
And tlie 3il at San Francisco, Cal.,
Built specially for our business, in the most complete
R. L RAIMOND,
rSo. 105 Front street,
elletween Washington anil Merchant ,t,cct, I
ivill give particular attention to tlio
Purcliase and Shipment,
as woll as lo tiro
H.M.W. OP MERCHAMMSE AVO PKOm'M
11 ElWoV'I0X|D ^7i__be!??8'a?"i'l>^lnto
"•■• '•'" -i * ■ '* I.V!., rni.l linvin.. bom a...
FOREST WINE BSTTER8,
T2ie (3_.*e^tcst IliriiioiSy or ilie Age
FOR THE CURE OF '
dyspepsia, Liver Complaiiit,
Weakness ofthe StoznacSi,
Corner Front and Broadway Sts.
SAN FKANCrSCO. &p28m6
in tliis Act
. 9. It sim
interest on suit