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i Behavioral, Physiological and Psychological Stress among Legal and Unauthorized Brazilian Immigrants The Moderating Influence of Neighborhood Environments Louisa M. Holmes University of Southern California
|Title||Behavioral, physiological and psychological stress among legal and unauthorized Brazilian immigrants: the moderating influence of neighborhood environments|
|Author||Holmes, Louisa M.|
|Degree||Doctor of Philosophy|
|School||College of Letters, Arts And Sciences|
|Advisor (committee chair)||
Pastor, Manuel, Jr.
Marcelli, Enrico A.
|Advisor (committee member)||
Curtis, Andrew J.
Crimmins, Eileen M.
|Abstract||I use the 2007 Harvard-UMASS Boston Metropolitan Immigrant Health & Legal Status Survey (BM-IHLSS) data to estimate cross-sectional associations of neighborhood-level disorder and social capital with measures of physiological (systemic inflammation), psychological (serious psychological distress) and behavioral (current smoking) stress among adult Brazilian migrants, controlling for sociogeographic and individual characteristics. I further investigate the effect of unauthorized legal status on these stress measures and whether physiological health markers may partially explain associations between distress, smoking and neighborhood environment. Employing logistic regression analysis I find that neighborhood social cohesion is significant and negatively associated with inflammation, serious psychological distress and current smoking while neighborhood disorder is significant and positively associated with inflammation only. Neighborhood-level socioeconomic status, the topic covered most frequently in research on neighborhoods and health, does not appear to be important for predicting any of these three outcomes when social cohesion and disorder are controlled. I additionally find unauthorized legal status to be significant and positively associated with both inflammation and psychological distress. My findings suggest that neighborhood-level social cohesion and unauthorized legal status are important factors in predicting stress levels among Brazilian migrants while neighborhood disorder, measured here primarily as criminal activity and victimization, has a more complicated relationship with stress measures.|
|Keyword||immigrant; stress; neighborhoods; biomarkers; psychological distress; smoking; Brazilian; legal status; C-reactive protein|
|Part of collection||University of Southern California dissertations and theses|
|Publisher (of the original version)||University of Southern California|
|Place of publication (of the original version)||Los Angeles, California|
|Publisher (of the digital version)||University of Southern California. Libraries|
|Provenance||Electronically uploaded by the author|
|Legacy record ID||usctheses-m|
|Contributing entity||University of Southern California|
|Rights||Holmes, Louisa M.|
|Physical access||The author retains rights to his/her dissertation, thesis or other graduate work according to U.S. copyright law. Electronic access is being provided by the USC Libraries in agreement with the author, as the original true and official version of the work, but does not grant the reader permission to use the work if the desired use is covered by copyright. It is the author, as rights holder, who must provide use permission if such use is covered by copyright. The original signature page accompanying the original submission of the work to the USC Libraries is retained by the USC Libraries and a copy of it may be obtained by authorized requesters contacting the repository e-mail address given.|
|Repository name||University of Southern California Digital Library|
|Repository address||USC Digital Library, University of Southern California, University Park Campus MC 7002, 106 University Village, Los Angeles, California 90089-7002, USA|