WAVES OF JAPANESE FOREIGN POLICY: FROM CONSTRAINED
BILATERALISM AND POLITICAL MULTILATERALISM TO REINFORCED
BILATERALISM IN THE POST-COLD WAR ERA
Daniel Koichi Nagashima Jr.
A Thesis Presented to the
FACULTY OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
In Partial Fulfillment of the
Requirements for the Degree
MASTER OF ARTS
(EAST ASIAN AREA STUDIES)
Copyright 2007 Daniel Koichi Nagashima Jr.
The post-Cold War era forced Japan to reassess its foreign policy and play a more proactive role in global affairs. Japanese foreign policy has greatly evolved in the post-Cold War and this paper seeks to examine the waves of Japanese foreign policy by beginning with an analysis of postwar theories articulating Japan's reactive and minimalist state. Subsequently, this paper examines domestic factors supplementing external factors which triggered Japan's foreign policy evolution. Next, this paper outlines Japan's first wave of evolution based on Japan's "constrained bilateralism" with the United States and its efforts towards multilateral activism. This paper further explores the failures of multilateralism and analyzes Japan's second wave of "reinforced bilateralism" under the Koizumi administration which saw the emergence of Japan's independent, proactive, and comprehensiveforeign policy in the post-Cold War era. This paper concludes by analyzing the wavelet of Abe's "reverse course" and its implications to Japanese foreign policy.