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SPOUSE AGGRESSION, DEPRESSION, AND PHYSICAL HEALTH: A MULTIVARIATE LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF MIDLIFE COUPLES by Katrina A. Vickerman F A Dissertation Presented to the ACULTHOOLUNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA Y OF THE USC GRADUATE SC In Partial Fulfillment of the R equiregreeDOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY ements for the D(PSYCHOLOGY) August 2010 Copyright 2010 Katrina A. Vickerman
|Title||Spouse aggression, depression, and physical health: a multivariate longitudinal study of midlife couples|
|Author||Vickerman, Katrina A.|
|Author firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com|
|Degree||Doctor of Philosophy|
|School||College of Letters, Arts and Sciences|
|Advisor (committee chair)||Margolin, Gayla|
|Advisor (committee member)||
Brekke, John S.
Davison, Gerald C.
McArdle, John J.
Meyerowitz, Beth E.
|Abstract||This longitudinal study examined relationships for male and female intimate partner aggression with depression and physical health, and indirect effects of aggression on health via depressive symptoms for 119 midlife couples. Physical and emotional aggression victimization and perpetration were examined; for 63% of couples both spouses reported at least one act of aggression over a three year period, for 9% only the husband was aggressive, for 12% only the wife was aggressive, and for 16% no partner aggression was reported. Path modeling revealed associations for husband total aggression with husband depression and with a composite variable of wife physical health, which combined measures assessing heath conditions, subclinical symptoms, preventive care behaviors, health behaviors, and physical health quality of life. There was a non-significant indirect effect from husband total aggression to the husband physical health composite via husband depression, which was significant in the model examining physical aggression only. Husband and wife aggression were positively correlated with increased wife depression and, although relationships between aggression and wife depression did not reach significance in the path model, model fit comparisons indicated these were important relationships in the model. Wife total aggression was not associated with husband outcomes or wife physical health. Finally, wife depression did not serve as a mediating variable between aggression and wife physical health. Exploratory post-hoc models examined emotional and physical aggression separately, and the five individual physical health indices. Associations between husband total aggression and wife physical health were similar in emotional aggression models, but were not present when only physical aggression was examined.; Several total or indirect effects between husband aggression and husband physical health via husband depression were present in the emotional and physical aggression models. Despite rates of reciprocal partner aggression, male aggression was associated with more negative outcomes and appeared to have a different impact and meaning than female aggression did for these community couples, who were generally experiencing less severe forms of relationship violence. Differential pathways of impact for aggression victimization versus aggression perpetration were discussed, as were avenues for future research and implications for behavioral health and partner aggression interventions.|
|Keyword||intimate partner violence; physical health; depression; health behaviors; partner aggression; physical aggression; emotional aggression; male perpetrators; female perpetrators|
|Geographic subject (city or populated place)||Los Angeles|
|Geographic subject (state)||California|
|Part of collection||University of Southern California dissertations and theses|
|Publisher (of the original version)||University of Southern California|
|Place of publication (of the original version)||Los Angeles, California|
|Publisher (of the digital version)||University of Southern California. Libraries|
|Provenance||Electronically uploaded by the author|
|Legacy record ID||usctheses-m3318|
|Rights||Vickerman, Katrina A.|
|Repository name||Libraries, University of Southern California|
|Repository address||Los Angeles, California|
|Full text||SPOUSE AGGRESSION, DEPRESSION, AND PHYSICAL HEALTH: A MULTIVARIATE LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF MIDLIFE COUPLES by Katrina A. Vickerman F A Dissertation Presented to the ACULTHOOLUNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA Y OF THE USC GRADUATE SC In Partial Fulfillment of the R equiregreeDOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY ements for the D(PSYCHOLOGY) August 2010 Copyright 2010 Katrina A. Vickerman|