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HARMFUL ALGAL BLOOMS IN THE URBANIZED COASTAL OCEAN AN APPLICATION OF REMOTE SENSING FOR UNDERSTANDING, CHARACTERIZATION AND PREDICTION by Ivona Cetinić A Dissertation Presented to the FACULTY OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY (BIOLOGY) August 2009 Copyright 2009 Ivona Cetinić
|Title||Harmful algal blooms in the urbanized coastal ocean: an application of remote sensing for understanding, characterization and prediction|
|Author firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com|
|Degree||Doctor of Philosophy|
|School||College of Letters, Arts and Sciences|
|Advisor (committee chair)||
Jones, Burton H.
Caron, David A.
|Advisor (committee member)||
Capone, Douglas G.
Kiefer, Dale A.
Redekopp, Larry G.
|Abstract||Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) in Southern California have become recurring events with impacts that surpass the realm of ocean ecosystems. Phytoplankton blooms are natural phenomena, and the same environmental forcings that drive changes in primary productivity and nutrient cycling in the coastal ocean will promote HABs too, including human influences. Therefore, to predict the initiation of HABs, one must define the specific environmental, chemical, and physical parameters that allow the success of the specific species. Recently developed tools and techniques for realtime coastal observing systems allow us to observe dynamics of the coastal ocean on the appropriate spatial and temporal scales, to explore the dynamics of the coastal ocean, to monitor the nutrient loadings, and to follow the development of the HABs. Field studies conducted during 2005 confirmed that observed the transition from the diatom dominated spring to the dinoflagellate dominated summer, both in surface and subsurface waters, was dependent on natural processes affecting the coastal ocean. Lingulodinium polyedrum, our model organism, was present with bloom abundances (~10^5 cells L^-1) found during the summer, concurrent with low temperature episodes nearshore. Historical temperature record analysis supports our findings on the occurrence of cool temperature anomalies during L. polyedrum blooms in the Southern California Bight, and infer primary controls of temperature,mixed layer depth, and nutrient availability for bloom formation.; Using optical instruments deployed on Slocum gliders, we managed to follow the outfall plume, to differentiate it from the natural occurring water masses in the coastal ocean, and to calculate suspended particulate material concentration within the plume. No interaction was found between the nutrient rich plume water and the phytoplankton community. Optical tools were further used in development of red tide spectral indices based on L. polyedrum inherent optical properties. These indices proved to be a successful tool for detection of L. polyedrum blooms in this area, both for in situ absorption and for mooring collected hyperspectral remote sensing reflectance datasets.|
|Keyword||harmful algal blooms; optics; remote sensing; red tides; autonomous underwater vehicles; gliders; plume; Lingulodinium polyedrum; phytoplankton|
|Geographic subject||bays: San Pedro|
|Geographic subject (state)||California|
|Part of collection||University of Southern California dissertations and theses|
|Publisher (of the original version)||University of Southern California|
|Place of publication (of the original version)||Los Angeles, California|
|Publisher (of the digital version)||University of Southern California. Libraries|
|Provenance||Electronically uploaded by the author|
|Legacy record ID||usctheses-m2548|
|Repository name||Libraries, University of Southern California|
|Repository address||Los Angeles, California|
|Full text||HARMFUL ALGAL BLOOMS IN THE URBANIZED COASTAL OCEAN AN APPLICATION OF REMOTE SENSING FOR UNDERSTANDING, CHARACTERIZATION AND PREDICTION by Ivona Cetinić A Dissertation Presented to the FACULTY OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY (BIOLOGY) August 2009 Copyright 2009 Ivona Cetinić|