Daily Trojan, Vol. 43, No. 111, April 04, 1952
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URPRISE ISSU E MAY INTERRUPT MOOEL UN MEETINGS TODAY ussians Snarl Assembly Action Da an ol. XLIII Los Angeles Calif., Friday, Apr. 4, 1952 No. 111 r Conclave Expects Invasion Move Would Prompt Security Council to Deal With Situation The lid may be blown off the Model United Nations conference sometime today when a surprise issue is introduced. The nature of the issue and when it will be introduced is being kept a closely-guarded secret by Secretary-General Bill McGinn, l. At the Stanford conference last i-rar Model UN members were con-ronted with the invasion of Yu-raslavia by Bulgaria. Albania, and •umama. If this year's surprise ssue is similar, as rumors have it t is. the Security council will be ailed into immediate session to leal with the breath of peace. Meetings Tomorrow The Security council will be in ssion tomorrow morning from 30 to 11:30 as will the Economic id Sor ml] council, the Political id Security committee, and the rusteeship committee. Alter lunch delegates will as<>em-le in Bovard for the plenary ses-on of the General Assembly. Discussions and debates inter-up ted by the close of yesterday's rssions will be resumed today and ew issues also will be introduced. Reception Today A reception for UN officials and acuity advisers will be held this fternoon at 3 in the Hall of Na-ions. . This evening at 9 five United J a tions film strips dealing with JN organization, universal human lghts, and other world problems rill be show n in the Student Union ounge. The films are a special addition o today's Model UN program hrough the courtesy of Walt A. taitt, college secretary7 of the American Friends Service committee. said D. Jerome Harris, conference director. .---- Winners to Be Announced at UN Banquet Presentation of tropnies, speeches by UJs officials and Hollywood stars, and foreign student entertainment will share the spotlight at tomorrow night's banquet which brings to a close the Model United I Nations conference. A trophy w ill be awarded to the [school best emulating a "major power.' and first and second place .trophies will be awarded to the [schools besi representing 'minor powers ” Winners Announced Announcemont of winners will be made by Mogens Skot>-Hansen. UN btiiiial on the We t Coast, and trollies will be presented by movie wctress Mary Pickford. Benjamin Cohen, a^^tani secretary-general of the United Nations, who presided over the General Assembly of the Model UN. will give tne keynote address. UN Prayer The banquet will be opened by Chancellor Rufus B. von KleinSmid who will welcome guests and say <Jhe United Nations prayer: “Bach in hi* own words. Each in his ow n way. Let us Pray f°r a world united in Feace." Dr. von KleinSmid will be introduced by Conference Director D. Jerome Harris, who will give a summary of the conference. ' Peter Lind Hayes and Mary Healy, husband-wife comedy team, will emcee the foreign student entertainment. They will be introduced by movie producer Stanley Kramer. Foreign students from colleges and universities in the Los Angeles area will entertain the expected 600 guests BENJAMIN COHEN, assistant secretary-general of the UN in New York, opened the General assembly yesterday in Bovard before approximately 1000 Model UN delegates. Others at the head table are (left to right) Bill McGinn, secretary general, and Chancellor Rufus B. von KleinSmid. Cameramen recorded the ceremonies on film. (DT Photo by Earl O'Bar) Keynotes 'Security by Justice Cohen Opens Session World security may be attained by the creation of world social and economic justice, not by building j up huge military forces or regulat-j ing arms, Benjamin Cohen of Chile, assistant secretary-general of the UN 1 and acting president of the Model : UN. said as he opened the General Assembly yesterday. He advo-I cated that nations become partners in the business of mankind and pointed out the way to eventual i peace in his talk. New York Difficulties “It was easy at San Francisco to theoretically set up committees to solve tbe dynamic problems lacing the world, but it has proved, hard to solve t.hem at the conference table in New York.” he said. “We can't attain collective security by arming or disarming, but with the spirit of human brotherhood Only when the large and .small countries r.re equal politically. economically, and socially will we achieve these goals.’’ Cohen ! stressed. There are problems such as help-! ing the underdeveloped areas of the world, technical advancement, and freedom for supressed coun-i tries which we must overcome today, he pointed out. A New Approach “Statesmen from throughout the world are trying to solve these problem^. The Model UN may show them new' ways of approaching the issues and the results of this conference will be given careful consideration at the UN. “The UN feels this kind of activity is the best way of insuring international understanding. People should not feel they are part of a small national group, but a responsible part of the international brotherhood. “The young people should feel part of this responsibility and should realize they all are working ! for a common cause. “I wish you good luck in your conference,” Cohen concluded. AWS Elects 3 New Officers By wiaj margins in all cases Joan Vasseur. Ann Willson, and Barbara Goode wc«.i victories in the two-day AWS runoff election which ended yesterday. With only 326 women going to the polls. Miss Vasseur was elected vice-president over Barbara Jean Barnhouse Miss Willson secretary i over Mary Ann Morey, and Miss Goode treasurer over Marilou Moehlin. The six women were the top candidates from among a group of 15 running for the three posts In the first election last week. The runoff vote of 326 was considerably under the initial turnout of 481. There were 2007 women students eligible to vote. The three officers-elect will join Pat Wykoff. elected president last week, in heading the AWS organization for 1952-53. The exact vote totals in both the initial and runoff elections will not be revealed until the election report is submitted to the ASSC lenr.te for confirmation by co-chairman Nancy Ridgeway and Lois Stone United Kingdom and Russia Battle Over Disarmament by Bill Rogers A major step toward world disarmament. a step .ll-a<l\ised in the Russian <SC> delegations opinion, was nearly taken yesterday in the first meeting of the Political and Security committee. * The Indian <UCLA> proposal based c».i a five-member disarmament committee, with an amendment by the United States (Stanford'. was aefeated shortly before adjournment of the session by a 19-17 vote, with 7 abstentions. Including the U. S. amendment, the proposal re^.d. “Be it hereby resolved that the Disarmament commission established Jan. 8. 1952 to which all members of the United Nat'ons shall submit proposals of disarmament of their respective countries by Apr. 5. 1952, report I to the General Assembly on that date *’ Premature Step The insistence ol Russia against such a premature step and practical denunciation of the plan by the United Kingdom < Redlands >. I taking into cognizance the irrational lime element, helped to bring its defeat after the U. & Amend- ment had been approved, 23-22. The original Indian proposal would have set up nil entirely new commission and would have required each nation's report to have been submitted by June 1. 1952. Thus after the first day the Political and Security committee reached no definite settlement in the carrying out of disarmament. Eden Statement Jack Owen, committee chairman, opened the meeting by reading a statement made by Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden. UN delegate from the United Kingdom, at a session of the real General Assembly : “On both fronts, political and economic, let us grasp definite and limited problems and work for their practical solution. That is the real road to peace. That is the way to make a fresh start.” Owen then called on the Russian delegation to introduce its disarmament plan. Red Plan The Soviet resolution (li censored military aotivities of the Western nations as being incompatible with the objectives of the committee, (2) called for an end to the Korean wrar, withdrawal of all forces from the 38th parallel within 10 days, and withdrawal of foreign troops from Korea within three months. (3) the unconditional prohibition and control of atomic weapons, <4> a one-third reduction in military forces of all nations. (5) compilation of armed forces data on all nations, (6) setting up of an international control organ, ancf (7) abstention of that organ from interference in domestic affairs. Subsequent five-minute speeches on the plan found the United Kingdom reminding Russia the Disarmament commission already is considering those same proposals. Brazil Demands The Brazilian (Occidental) delegation demanded to know why Russia had not contributed materially toward ending the Korean conflict. The proposal was subverted to hard feelings among Soviet and Western bloc nations. Following Brazil's stand, speeches were heard from delegates of the Netherlands (Whittier), Nationalist China (Loyola), Iceland (East Contra Costa JC>, the Ukrainian S6R and Yugoslavia (Oal Poly). Delegates Term First Session Great Success by Gene Williams Amid the clamor of shouts for recognition, note passing, and whispered instructions within their own groups, more than 1000 delegates hailing from 73 colleges and universities in Hawaii, Alaska and seven western states turned Bovard auditorium into a typical General Assembly session yesterday as the second annual Model UN began a three-day meet. Capacity 'Crowd Typifying the Lake Success variety of the United (Nations, the capacity crowd of student diplomats carried on all the processes necessary in the initial, plenary session of the General Assembly. Under the guiding hand of Benjamin A. Cohen, the session went along smoothly, except for the expected flurries from the Russian (SC) delegation and her satellites. Spurred by these flurries the remainder of the delegations swung into brisk action, with words coming not only from the big member nations such as the United States (Stanford), France (Pomona college), the United Kingdom (University of Redlands), Nationalist China (Loyola university), but also from the small nations such as Yugoslavia (Cal. Poly), and Thailand (College of Idaho). •Chairmen Comment In post-session comments, this reporter asked same of the chairmen of the more prominent delegations for their reactions to the initial session of the General Assembly. Ted Collier, co-chairman of the United States delegation, represented by Stanford, last year's host school, said he was "delighted to see the excellent organization that has been accomplished by the Secretariat, represented by the University of Southern California." Concerning the United States' general policy during the three-day conference, Collier said, “The United States desires to promulgate the widest area of agreement with the greatest number of countries.'’ U.S. Views Disarmament Viewing the touchy subject of disarmament, which will be dealt with in the Political and Security committee. Collier made it clear that the .U. S. desires an effective disarmament program, and is willing to meet any time, any place, and with any nation to discuss our respective outlooks. "We hope to see a manifest desire, substantiated by concrete action, for cooperation toward the furthering of world peace from the USSR.’’ Going along with the U. S. delegation’s head as far as the procedure of the conference, Jim Ivan* off, chairman of the delegation from the USSR, said he felt tht the progress thus far was wonderful, especially the attitudes of the delegates. Ivanoff, who caused quite a sensation when he delivered his initial speech in Russian, commented that the dirty looks he received during the session assured him that the delegates had their minds on their business . Russia's Views He laid down a three-point program regarding Russia's news on disarmament. Included in the program are tie following: immediate abolishment of all atomic weapons, simultaneous establishment of strict control over all armaments; and to show good faith in the two Continued on Page 4) Cohen Shows Skill In Leading Session Replete with a speech in Russian and the skillful leadership of the assistant secretary-general of the United Nations, the Model UN General assembly held its first plenary session yesterday morning in Bovard auditorium. The Russian was as confusing as the tactics used by the delegation from the USSR in tying up the General assembly for some 45 minutes with an amendment to a United States (Stanford) proposal to limit debate on all matters to five minutes for each country. With delegation chairman Jim Ivanoff, a Russian-born SC student who served as a U.S. interpreter during World War II, speaking in Russian, the USSR proposed that France, the United Kingdom, the Upited States, and the USSR be allowed eight minutes debate instead of five. Russians Withdraw Finally, alter much opposition to the amendment was voiced by small nations and other members of the Big Four, the Russians withdrew the amendment and the American proposal was adopted. Before this was accomplished, however, the Assembly was well tied up in a series of parliamentary snarls that were patiently unraveled under the deft guidance of acting President Benjamin Cohen, assistant secretary-general of the UN from Chile. Cohen skilfully led the student delegates through the maze of parliamentary maneuvering to two important votes on procedural matters, the time limit on debate and retention on the agenda of the discussion of regulation and control of arms by the Political and Security committee. Matter Handled The United Kingdom (Redlands) proposed that the latter item be dropped from the topics to be discussed since the matter had been handled previously and was now before the UN Disarmament commission. The motion was vigorously opposed by and successfully India (UCLA) and the USSR who both stressed that peace can only be achieved after arms are controlled or abolished. From the furious debate it appears that disarmament may become one of the key issues of the three-day meeting. The Political and Security committee will discuss the issue and present it to the General assembly for final action. Cohen opened the Second Model UN by asking the delegates to POINT OF ORDER shouts Russian delegate Jim Ivanoff as he attempts to be recognizel by the chair. Ivanoff, chairman of the SC delegation representing the USSR, used this familiar Red tactic to slow down Model UN proceedings. Jorge Estrada, another Trojan, looks on. (DT Photo by Earl O'Bar) stand in one minute of silent prayer or meditation. Welcoming addresses were given by ASSC President John Bradley and Chancellor Rufus B. von KleinSmid. Dr. von KleinSmid greeted the delegates on behalf of the University in the absence of President Fred D. Fagg, who is in Arizona at a college educators meeting. The chancellor told the delegates of the importance of the meeting which they are attending and expressed the hope that they might enjoy success in their deliberations. He told the delegates that he believed that they would i enjoy the conference since work is fun if you are interested in your job. With a Vengeance Cohen later addressed the delegates and after that the 1000 delegates, representing 73 colleges, went into action with a vengeance that seemed to surprise even Cohen, who was treated to a workout that would do justice to that which is offered in the United Nations. After the procedural motions were acted upon, the first session was concluded by the showing of a motion picture greeting by Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, who was unable to attend the conference. USSR Okay Shocks Session ★ * ★★ ★ * * ★★ Security Council Approves Ceylon Official Notice by Chuck Sweet The Model UN Security council yesterday voted to recommend approval of Ceylon as the 61st member of the United Nations and | turned thumbs-down on membership for the People's Republic of China (OSC), Italy (St. Mary's), and Finland (Olympic Community college). Ceylon's (Santa Monica City college) approval came as a surprise. After blocking the admission of Italy and Finland to the UN with the veto, the Soviet Union gave its assent to adding Ceylon to the group amid a roa? of astonishment and approval from the delegates. Goes to Assembly The recommendation that Ceylon be admitted will go to the General Assembly, where it must receive a two-thirds vote to be put in force. Russia’s proposal that the Chinese People's Republic be accepted was voted down 7 to 2. with Turkey and Great Britain abstaining. Pakistan joined the Soviet Union in supporting the recommendation. On the agenda this morning are consideration of Portugal and Spain I for UN membership, the Iranian oil . failing, the Soviet delegate vetoed dispute, and the removal of Neth- the admission of Italy, erlands armed forces from Indo- . us Delegate Vellietes. in sup-nes*a- porting Netherlands’ resolution to Heated exchanges took place all admit Finland to the UN, spoke diyesterday afternoon between the rectly to the Russian delegate and U. S delegate. George Vellietes of asked him to “temper legalism with Stanford, and Mohinder Bedi, Rus- mercy." He accused the Soviet Un-sian delegate from SC. Redlands i0n of trying “to make a horsetrade university’s United Kinugdom dele- founded on base emotions and is-gate, James Wilson, eloquently up- sues." held his country’s positions and attempted to arbitrate the battles between the U.S. and the USSR. War of Words The war of words started almost immediately. When Stanford’s delegate was late for the beginning of j the council meeting Bedi questioned if it were “absolutely necessary to wait for the haughty member of the US. to appear?" Admission of Italy was voted the first item on the agenda and Italy's speech of application was read in Italian and translated paragraph by paragraph in regular UN fashion. Almost at once, the Russians tried to introduce an amendment that Bedi Stars SC’s Bedi, playing the Russian part to the very hilt, blasted the United States’ “slanderous accusations” and demanded that the Soviet Union be given a chance to be heard. He called the U.S. "a member of the r iling circle of Wall streM” and lambasted him for “insidious, invidious double-dealing.” The Russian delegate berated tTie United States for its ‘immoral stand.” and the U.S. representative replied. “I didn't know the USSR had any morals.” Delegate Vellietes brandished a would admit a number of Soviet i copy of Pravda and exconated his satellites along with Italy. This UN Program 9:30-11:30 a.m. l-jf:20 p.m. (Recess 3:30-4) 3-4 p.m. TODAY Committee and Council Meetings Security Council Economic and Social Council Political and Security Committee Trusteeship Committee General Assembly Art., Lecture Room 303 Law 129 Founders 335 Pounders Bovard The Easter recess will be from Thursday, Apr. 10, through Tuesday April 15. Classes will be resumed Wednesday, Apr. 16. AU administrative offices will be closed Friday, Apr. 11, and Saturday, Apr. 12. A.S. Raubenheimer Educational Vice-President Robert D. Fisher Financial Vice-President Reception for Faculty Advisers pnd UN Officials Hail of Nations 9:00 pm. UN Films Student Lounge TOMORROW a-9:30 a.m. Security Council 229 Pounders 9-12 m. General Assembly Bovard 1-5 pm. General Assembly Bovard 2-5 p.m. Filming of Conference 133 Founders 6:30-11 p.m. Banquet and Program Town and Gown Observer's credentials are $1 and may be purchased in the International lounge. This will admit bearer to all sessions, subject to ?pace available, except the banquet. SC foreign students, appearing in native dress, will be admitted to session free of charge upon showing ID cards. Russian opponent again. And the Soviet urged that the council "get on to the matter at hand to save further nausea.” A Soviet veto killed Finland’s admission. Brazil's resolution that the Indonesia question be discussed was defeated, and the verbal battle went on again. Rissia Moves Russia moved for adoption of a resolution that would admit the Chinese People's Republic to the UN and at the same time attempted to unseat the Chinese Nationalist delegate. The council voted not to hear a representative of Che Chinese Peoples Republic and Chinese Nationalist Delegate Bob Rose of Loyola assailed “the garbled thoughts of the Soviet delegates.* The council voted against admitting Red China. Delegates started the council meeting shakily, but soon had their parts well in hand and were wrangling and squabbling as much as (Continued on Page 8)
|Title||Daily Trojan, Vol. 43, No. 111, April 04, 1952|
|Description||Daily Trojan, Vol. 43, No. 111, April 04, 1952.|
|Contributing entity||University of Southern California|
URPRISE ISSU E MAY INTERRUPT MOOEL UN MEETINGS TODAY
ussians Snarl Assembly Action
Los Angeles Calif., Friday, Apr. 4, 1952
Move Would Prompt Security Council to Deal With Situation
The lid may be blown off the Model United Nations conference sometime today when a surprise issue is introduced.
The nature of the issue and when it will be introduced is being kept a closely-guarded secret by Secretary-General Bill McGinn, l. At the Stanford conference last i-rar Model UN members were con-ronted with the invasion of Yu-raslavia by Bulgaria. Albania, and •umama. If this year's surprise ssue is similar, as rumors have it t is. the Security council will be ailed into immediate session to leal with the breath of peace.
Meetings Tomorrow The Security council will be in ssion tomorrow morning from 30 to 11:30 as will the Economic id Sor ml] council, the Political id Security committee, and the rusteeship committee.
Alter lunch delegates will as<>em-le in Bovard for the plenary ses-on of the General Assembly. Discussions and debates inter-up ted by the close of yesterday's rssions will be resumed today and ew issues also will be introduced.
Reception Today A reception for UN officials and acuity advisers will be held this fternoon at 3 in the Hall of Na-ions. .
This evening at 9 five United J a tions film strips dealing with JN organization, universal human lghts, and other world problems rill be show n in the Student Union ounge.
The films are a special addition o today's Model UN program hrough the courtesy of Walt A. taitt, college secretary7 of the American Friends Service committee. said D. Jerome Harris, conference director.
Winners to Be Announced at UN Banquet
Presentation of tropnies, speeches by UJs officials and Hollywood stars, and foreign student entertainment will share the spotlight at tomorrow night's banquet which brings to a close the Model United I Nations conference.
A trophy w ill be awarded to the [school best emulating a "major power.' and first and second place .trophies will be awarded to the [schools besi representing 'minor powers ”
Winners Announced Announcemont of winners will be made by Mogens Skot>-Hansen. UN btiiiial on the We t Coast, and trollies will be presented by movie wctress Mary Pickford.
Benjamin Cohen, a^^tani secretary-general of the United Nations, who presided over the General Assembly of the Model UN. will give tne keynote address.
The banquet will be opened by Chancellor Rufus B. von KleinSmid who will welcome guests and say