The Southern California Trojan: School of Citizenship and Public Administration, Vol. 3, No. 4, April 18, 1930
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SCHOOL OF CITIZENSHIP AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION Dr William B. Munro’s final lecture on "Principles oi Government’ ’for 1930 Short Course will be given at the general assembly tomorrow at 11 o'clock in the social hall of the Student Union building. alifornia <JAN Members of the Combined Water Supply and Water Purification sections will make the trips to the Beverly Hills filter plant, Franklin Canyon chlorinator, and upper Franklin Canyon pumping plant, tomorrow at 9:00 a. m. VOLUME III- Los Angeles, California, Friday, April 18, 1930. NUMBER 4 ICIPAL FIELDS HELP TO AVIATION STATES DE SILVA Assistant Director of Los Angeles Airport Advocates City-Owned Landing Fields. BY W. N. NUGENT Woodruff De Silva, assistant director of the Los Angeles airport, presented the side of the city owned ^ operated airport at the roundtable discussion of the airport man-jgan«Bt section, Wednesday when ho presented his paper on “Municipal Airports.” De Silva said in part: “The Federal Government recognising the phase of transportation in the fourth dimension, and realizing rigid control to be an essential item, passed tbe Air Commerce Act of 1926. This axed certain responsibilities on the Bureau of Aeronautics under the Department of Commerce, who in turn are empowered to license aircraft and airmen, and in general, aid commercial aviation. "The smaller governmental units are only instruments of the Federal Government, that Is, the cities with respect to counties, counties to states, and states to the United States. RAILROADS “The advent of the railroad was at a time when there was considerable vacant government land available, and thousands of acres were donated to the railroads in order to encourage development and assist these companies until such time as commerce could be built up to maintain them. "By direct comparisons of modern means of travel we may be able to arrive at intelligent conclusions. (Continued un Page four) NASH FORETELLS FUTURE OF PARKS By M. D. DAVIS That future recreation and play programs sponsored by both city and county and other interested groups, will be strongly influenced in their organization and conduct by the lectures and discussions presented through the agency of the short course on recreation and parks, was the consensus of opinion yesterday as informally expressed by a majority of the class members. Changing emphasis on recreation problems has been the keynote of the entire session and through tlie vivid picture of national, state, county and city recreation questions as submitted by Professor Jay B. Nash, it least an accurate premise has t>een established upon which may be safely based plans for future recreation activities. How far'reaching these activities are potentially, can be readily appreciated when it is considered that t»he membership of the recreation and parks class represent first, the combined recreation departments of Los Angeles city and county, and other cities and areas extending from Bakersfield on the north to San Diego on the south. Recreation and play activities for the major portion of the state's entire population will therefore directly or indirectly, respond to and receive the advantages and benefits of recreation and play activities properly emphasized in their division and class relationship. Back of it all is the goal of ideal citizenship, which involves as the first requisite, a healthy mind and •'ody secured only through activity, ^d which in turn provides the individual with the knowledge of not only how to earn a living but how to live. All in all, members of the class have profited immeasurable through he'ng privileged to attend the class and are looking forward to meeting Professor Nash again next year. Munro Talks On Elections Lecturer Discusses Many Phases O f Present-Day American Voting Systems "The aim of American government, is to attain efficiency in government without sacrificing democracy, to get full value without losing popular responsibility," stated Dr. William B. Munro Tuesday. “Efficiency in government should not overshadow democracy nor democracy overshadow efficiency. A 'business administration strictly’ i3 impossible in government, as administrations must conform to some extent to popular desire. Effectiveness of control depends upon three channels of agencies, i. e., public opinion control, nomination and election of officers, and initiative, referendum, and recall of public offi date. PUBLIC OPINION “The most general and the most difficult to control is public opinion Some people believe public opinion is the sentiment of the majority of the people, but that is not so; it is not a matter of counting minds, but of weighing minds also. Sometimes the minority rules; it is numbers plus intensity. Disinterested, inactive people do not count very much in the matter of public opinion. A highly intelligent and influential group, such as school teachers, with 6ome free time, is an important factor in public opinion. It Is difficult to sift out genuine public opinion from what is not. Letters and telegrams by the hundreds may Bimply reflect the machinations of a vigorous organization. Seasoned politicians, however, evaluate such evidences of trends of public opinion. VOTERS “Radio is gradually supplanting the mass meeting. Citizens prefer to tune in and hear the presidential candidate personally instead of listen-(Continued on Page Three) SCHOOL GROUP J WILL CONVENE t HERE MONDAY $ Members of the school trustee's problems section will meet on the Trojan campus next week under the direction of Dr. O. R. Hill, professor of educational administration at S. C. Due to a conflict in convention dates this section was not able to convene with the rest of the short course. Meetings will be held from 4:00 to 8:45 p. m., with the exception of Monday when they will assemble from 6:00 to 9:00 p. m. The group ill adjourn Friday evening. PAPERS AVAILABLE FOR 1930 SECflONS According to an announcement from the office of Emery Olson, director of the 1930 short course, plans are being made to mimeograph the papers presented in the various sections of this year’s course. Complete sets of the papers for each individual section will be available to all students registered in the present session. A charge of 50 cents will be made for each 3et while $1.50 will be charged those who are not officially enrolled. The proceedings of the combined sections on water supply and purification are going to be printed and an announcement will be made when they will be ready. Order blanks for these proceedings will be distributed in the various sections this morning. COUNTY ATTOBNEYS AID AT JOIIND TABLE J. H. O’Connor, W. B. McKesson, and H. W. Kennedy, Make Contributions During Week. BY LOUIS H. BURKE The county counsel's office of Los Angeles county, through J. H. O'Connor, assistant county counsel, W. B. McKesson, and H. W. Kennedy, deputies, m8de valuable contributions to the success of the taxation and special assessment sections. Mr. O'Connor, who in his spare moments is an instructor of law at Loyola university, demonstrated his teaching ability by giving, in ihe brief time allotted to him a comprehensive picture of the structure of California revenue laws. Mr. O'Connor established the division of state, county and municipal taxes and explained in outline form the various methods of taxation under each group. The history of the bank and corporation franchise tax and an explanation of the development and legal justification for state inheritance taxes, were but two of the many interesting matters of taxation touched upon by him. Mr. McKesson addressed the special assessment section on the topic of “Administration Abuses." He outlined to the class many ways in which the county officials are at tempting to cure and stop possible administration abuses of the special assessment laws, by going even beyond the requirements of the statutes and giving property owners a full and complete picture of the cost and purport of improvements while the same are still in the contemplative stage. He stated that a good many of the apparent abuses chargeable to various administrative offices were in reality brought upon property owners by the commencement of proceedings without due con-(Continued on Page Three) Economy Told By C.C. Young California’s Governer Speaks Before Afternoon General Assembly Tuesday. Speaking before the general assembly Tuesday, Governor Young plained in detail tlie reorganization of the state procedure when he too* office three years ago. Thirteen directors of departments have been appointed, which meet with the governor once a month for a day and a half, submitting their reports for the past month’s activities. These meetings are open the the public and to the press. He commented on the proposed junior intermediate prison which is to be constructed for young boys who have committed their first felony, where they will be given special instruction and education. He stated that there was a $22,. 000,000 surplus at. the state capital when he went to Sacramento in 1927, and he has asked the California Taxpayers association to make a recent audit, the result of which is that they estimate that at the end of his four years in office there will be an excess of $29,000,000 or an increased surplus of $6,000,000. He called attenUon to the fact that the state of California differs greatly, for instance, from the state of Illinois, because the former is growing rapidly. “Probably the most important piece of legislation in the United States in the last year was the oil-gas conservation bill introduced into the California state legislature at their last session,” state Governor Young. He explained the activities of the divisions of forests, division of fish and game, division of parks, etc., under the department of natural resources, as reviewed each month in order that each director will be familiar with the activities of each other department. CRIME DECREASING, STATES FITTS AT SPECIAL LUNCHEON “Organization of District Attorney's Office” Subject of Noon Address in Social Hall. Buron Fitts, district attorney of Los Angeles, appeared at a special luncheon held yesterday noon in the social hall of the Student Union. He was introduced to a capacity audience by C. J. S. Williamson, president of the 1930 Short Courst student body. Speaking on the topic “Organization and Administration of the District Attorney's Office,” Fitts stated: “An economy that underpays employes is the poorest economy in the world. During the past two years the district attorney's office has doubled salaries and eliminated overlapping positions, departments, and bureaus not necessary except for political purposes. During the past two years crime has been cut In half in Los Angeles; two years ago there were 13,500 burglaries, while last year there were 5,400; two years ago there were 127 murders, while last year there were 52; two years ago there were 11,000 automobiles stolen, while last year the number stolen was 5,900; two years ago 4,100 people were robbed at the point of a gun, while last year the number of holdups was 1,600." Discussing the volume of work handled by the district attorney’s office, Fitts stated that an average of 1,100 cases a month punishable by death or imprisonment in the state prison are handled by his staff; while daily average of 500 witnesses are questioned. "Crime is powerful; there is millions behind it; and the profits are great. It is a tremendous task to take that profit away. We must be agres-sive and belligerent; the only method Is for combined law-enforcement agencies to harass crime unrelentingly with a hard-hitting offensive.” CORRECTION Through an error on the part of the Trojan, the municipal report exhibition now on display in the socia hall of the Student Union building was reported as being part of the S. C. P. A. collection of municipal records. The exhibition was prepared for the third annual short course through the courtesy of the Los Angeles Municipal Reference library. SECTIONS HOLD JOINT MEETINGS A combined meeting of the planning and zoning and recreation and parks sections was held last nignt in room 305 of the administration building. The meeting, which was well attended was open to the general public. Marty California Cities Represented in Class BY B. H. FAIRBROTHER 1‘nder the sponsorship of the personnel in public administration committee, short course students of the class of 1930 have travelled many miles to attend the lectures given by Director Fred Telford on "Personnel in Public Administration." Besides representatives from most of the departments in the Los Angeles city hall, the class includes: A. Ewald, deputy city clerk of Glendale; William C. Ferguson and Miss ti. Roberta Richards, students from Leland Stanford university; Mrs. Rosina Moran, secretary and chief examiner of San Diego; Glen Rand, city engineer, Compton; Miss Lodema Shurtleff, secretary state civil service commission, Sacramento; H. R. Stevenson, deputy city clerk of Glendale; and Nestor N. Brule, chief of police of Riverside. COURSE NECESSITY STATES SHAMBAUGH Dr. Benjamin F. Shambaugh, head of the department of political scl ence at. the State University of Iowa; president of the American Political Science association, and chairman of the commonwealth conference of Iowa, was honor guest and chief speaker at a luncheon held Wednesday noon in the men’s grill, as a mid-week event of the third annual institute of public administration. Professor Shambaugh was introduced by Dr. John M. Pfiffner of the school of citizenship and public administration, a former student of Dr. Shambaugh's at Iowa. In commending the University of Southern California for the great strides made during the past three years in providing instruction in the scicnce of government to municipal employees and public officials. Professor Shambaugh said: “The time will come when the school of public administration will be one of the biggest and most important schools of the university, and I believe it is one of the most fruitful fields in which an educatioal Institution can provide training and Instruction. No university can live simply as a research institution, providing opportunities only for the scholar; a modern educational institution must combine research with training.” Dr. Shambaugh stated that this is his fourth annual spring visit to southern California. President von KleinSmid of S. C. spoke to the assembled students of public work, who hail from municipalities between and including Sacramento to Calexico. AIRPORT SECTION PROGRESS TOLD BY W. H. NUGENT Airport, management under the direction of Earl W. Hill, lecturer ln trade and transportation. University of Southern California, is attracting the interest of execuUves from practically every city represented in tlie school of citizenship and public administration. Air travel and transportation is rapidly establishing Its place in the field of trade and the problems to be met and solved in Its promotion are many and varied. To most of us these problems are entirely new and we appreciate the opportunity of being able to obtain such a wealth of information as it is our privilege to obtain here. William J. Fox, chief engineer of the regional planning commission of l^os Angeles county, presented a paper on "Selection of the Site.'’ His treatment of the subject was very complete and valuable to those who have such a problem to solve. Mr. A. C. Zimmerman, architect and engineer, presented a paper oa “Airport Layout." He designed the recently completed "layout” of the Western Air Express at Alhambra The paper of Herbert Hoover, Jr., radio technician. Western Air Express, brings the realization that in the very near future air transportation will be equally as safe as railroad transportation. We of the "airport management section’’ extend our thanks and ap pr»'ciatlon to the officials of the University of Southern California and to those who have given us of their time and experience and have passed on to us informaUon we would never have obtained from other sources.
|Title||The Southern California Trojan: School of Citizenship and Public Administration, Vol. 3, No. 4, April 18, 1930|
|Contributing entity||University of Southern California|
SCHOOL OF CITIZENSHIP AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
Dr William B. Munro’s final lecture on "Principles oi Government’ ’for 1930 Short Course will be given at the general assembly tomorrow at 11 o'clock in the social hall of the Student Union building.