Photograph of Jessica Mitford, right, with Leah Schneiderman, center, and an unidentified woman, left. Schneiderman was the wife of William Schneiderman, one of 15 California Communist Party members who were jailed for violating the Smith Act. The Smith Act made it illegal for anyone to advocate the overthrow of any United States government by force or violence. The three women went to a Los Angeles jail to await the release of Schneiderman and 11 other prisoners on Dec. 13, 1951. Mitford, a muckraking journalist, was executive secretary of the East Bay Civil Rights Congress (CRC) from 1949 until the group folded in 1956. Her husband, attorney Robert Treuhaft, was regional general counsel of the CRC.
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